There were 3 Robert Campbells as indentured servants. One was brought by Lord Neil Campbell (LNC) in 1685, and another in 1684 by John Campbell (JC) Proprietor. Then there is this record:
- 1688 Jan 29: Mortgage. Same to same for a stone house and 2 acres in Amboy Perth, facing the bay and lately belonging to Gawen LAWRIE. 72 (RE: 1688-9 Jan. 28. Chattel Mortgage. David MUDY senior of Amboy Perth to David VILANT of the same place, on the servants cattle, viz: Patrick WARDROPER, George SCOTT, Duncan ROBERTSONE, Catharina HERRIES, Robert and James CAMPBLE.)
Both David Mudy and David Vilant were proprietors themselves and imported their own servants. There is a record of David Vilant claiming Headlands for his wife, children and 7 imported servants on 3 Nov 1687 – I have to assume he imported a James and a Robert Campbell.
Then we have David Mudy’s executors providing for Robert Campbell’s “time” in his will:
- 1695 6 Feb 18 Mudie, David, of Perth Amboy, will of. Children, James, Isobell, Christian, Elizabeth and John; to have the real and personal property in Europe. Margarett, Anna, Jannet, wife of Thomas Gordon, Katherine and Mary, the American property; daughter Jean Stracken mentioned as already provided for. Executor, Thomas Gordon. Witnesses James Armour, Samuel Loveridge, and Jno Chaplin. Proved, March 12, 1695-6. NJ Archives XXL, p 237 and Middlesex Wills. 1695-6 March, Inventory of the personal estate (£60.3.3 incl a Bible and books £1.9 and the boy’s, Robert Campbell, time £10.-.); Made by James Dundas and Geo Willoks
I’m not sure what to think about that other than his will was 10 years after coming to ENJ – Far past the normal time of an indentured servant. Robert was probably a boy indentured to him by one of the Campbell families living in ENJ.
So this leaves us with 3 Robert Campbel’s. I have found one Robert living in Essex County that seems to be the right age, of course it’s impossible to tell if he was one of the original Campbells. I have also found a Robert living in Monmouth County but there are few records of him. You can read that sketch here.
Robert Campbell of Essex County
There is a DNA test kit that I suspect belongs to this family.
Kit # 131: Earliest ancestor is Samuel Campbell (~1700) Essex Co, NJ
UPDATE: (1/30/13) I am not actively working on Robert right now but while searching for another Robert I came across this site. I haven’t reviewed but there is some interesting info about Robert and Samuel. I think they may have confirmed the relationship? For sure there is more infor there than there is here! Please check it out: http://thegenealogyofsamuelcampbell.yuku.com/topic/381/Ancestry-of-Samuel-Campbell#.UQmHsfLthus
This family tested 37 markers but of those 37, the Jessamine Campbells only match 29/37. The John Campbell Sr of Piscataway family suspected DNA matches 29-30/37. That is enough for me to eliminate Robert Campbell of Essex as possible ancestors to the Jessamine Campbell family. It also eliminates this family as a close relative of the John Campbell Sr of Piscataway family however they did live close to each other.
The reason I believe this Robert could be one of the original Roberts is based on the fact that he appears to have grown children by 1728 and his death in 1726 and therefore is in the proper age group but that is thin evidence. He could have to the colony at anytime or moved from somewhere else like NY.
From the NJ Archives Web Site we have 2 land Surveys. It appears George Wiloks (Proprietor) sold land to Robert Campbell in 1716. There is also indication that Robert Campbell was either purchasing (via mortgage) or renting land from William Camp (second survey).
- SURVEY [East Jersey]. For R. Campbell. By Right of George Willoks “or his assigns in Right of the Addition to the Second Division”, and “by Certain Indenture of Lease and release bearing date [4 April 1716] did Grant unto Robert Campbell [150 acres]”. Bordering lands of J. Burnell. [Survey undated. Year approx.] [Warrant Date: 13 Feb 1714]. LOCATION: 150 Acres. Essex County (Lightening Brook; Raway River)
- SURVEY [East Jersey]. For J. Burnell. By Right of George Willoks “or his assigns in Right of the Addition to the Second Division”, and “by Certain Indenture of Lease and release bearing date [4 April 1716] did Grant unto John Burnell [100 acres]”. Bordering lands of “William Camp now in possession of Robert Campbell”. [Survey undated. Year approx.] [Warrant Date: 13 Feb 1714]. LOCATION: 100 Acres. Essex County (Lightening Brook)
A map showing the location of Robert’s land is included at the end. This map can be found in an excellent book called: Newark Mountain Third Division of Land Circa 1696 A.D. by Charles T. McGrath Jr. July 1, 2005 A.D. The remainder of my information has been taken from this well researched book. A copy of the book can be found here: http://mapmaker.rutgers.edu/NEWARK/NewarkMountain/NewarkMountainText.pdf
I haven’t found a will for this Robert but McGrath cites the following surveys.
- 16 May 1726: A tract surveyed by Daniel Dod for Jacob Arents, on the eastward side of Rahway River, beginning at the southwesterly corner of Samuel Tompkins’ land, patented to Mr. John Treat in August, 1696, and thence first, E.12 chains, N. 63.40 east, 20 chains along said patent-line to a highway, along said highway 25 chains to a line of John Walls, along Walls No.48 W.20, S. 2 W. 20 chains, S.35 E. 24 (or 34) to the first corner of Walls in the line of Robert Campbell, along Campbell 47 chains to Rahway river to beginning, – containing 53 acres. )
- 17 May 1726: Also a tract of land in the bounds of Newark on the eastward side of the Rahway River, and beginning at the southwesterly corner of Samuel Tompkins’s land, which was patented to John Treat, late of said Newark, Esquire, deceased, in August 1696, on the east bank of the said River; thence east twelve chains and N.63, 40 E., 20 chains along said patented lands to a Highway; thence along said highway 25 chains to a line of John Walls; thence along John Walls linen.48, W.20 chains; thence S.2,W.20 chains; thence south 35, E.34 chains to the first corner of John Walls in the line of Robert Campbell, late of Newark, deceased, thence along the line of Campbell 47 chains to said Rawack River; thence on a direct line to where it began. This tract contained 53 acres, and was purchased by Dr. Jacob Arents, defendant in the suit of Peter Sonman, May17, 1726. The tract was subsequently conveyed by Mr. Ogden to James Alexander.
FYI: From Wiki : A chain is a unit of length; it measures 66 feet or 22 yards or 4 rods or 100 links (20.1168m). There are 10 chains in a furlong, and 80 chains in one statute mile. An acre is the area of 10 square chains (that is, an area of one chain by one furlong). The chain has been used for several centuries in Britain and in some other countries influenced by British practice.
Note one reference to a Robert Campbell then another to a Robert Campbell, deceased within the span of a day. This could be caused by an error in transcription, an omission by the surveyor or that there are two Robert’s with only one being alive in 1726.
Regardless, we can assume one Robert Campbell had d. by 1726
Other records show:
- 19 Nov 1728: Road Record: Nov. 19, 1728. Beginning at the road near the house of John Campbell, between the lands of John Campbell and Samuel Campbell, thence along the line that divides John and Samuel till it comes to Samuel Crowell’s land, thence between Crowell’s and Nathaniel Campbell to the house of Crowell, thence on a straight line to the east branch of Rahway River, where there is a bridge, partly built over the same, thence down said branch to lands of Joseph Thompson, thence between Thompson and James Campbell to lands of Thomas Wood’s, thence between Wood and Thomas Lyon, thence through Wood’s land to Crooked Brook, thence across the southeast corner of lands of Samuel Mill’s( deceased), thence between the lands of Mill’s and Thomas Wood’s until it becomes the path that leads to Joseph Riggs, thence along said path, as the same goes, till it comes to the public road that runs by the house of said Joseph Riggs. 71
- 1 Apr 1752: Nathaniel Campbell conveyed to Aaron Ball, by deed, one and one-quarter acres of land on the east side of the highway and southwest side of Lightning Brook.
- 8 Nov 1766: On Nov. 8 and 9, 1766, David Campbell and Nathaniel Campbell executed mortgages to Joseph Ball for lands (on the south side of the road from Newark to Pierson’s grist mill).”83 Analysis: Edward Ball (ca 1643-ca 1724), father of Thomas Ball (ca 1688-1744): The homestead of Thomas Ball was located near the present day intersection of Springfield Avenue and Tuscan Road (Reference A). The present day Ball Terrace located between Parker and Boyden Avenue in Maplewood is a vestige of the Ball plantation from the past. The eastern boundary was Lightning Brook, which is where the present day Boyden Avenue is now located. The northern boundary is the road from Newark to Pierson’s Grist Mill (formerly called Crowell Road now called Parker Avenue), the western boundary was Tuscan Road, and the northern boundary would have been in the area of the present day Prospect Street. This area described above is approximately 400 acres.
I won’t pretend I understand the work done by McGrath as I haven’t read cover to cover. I am assuming however that there was a Robert Campbell who had died prior to May 1726. Within 2 years the following Campbells lived on his land or nearby.
- John Campbell and Samuel Campbell shared a boundary. Note: My assumption is that this is the Samuel Campbell (~1700) of the DNA test.
- Nathanial Campbell
- James Campbell
Maybe another Robert Campbell
Then by 1766 we have:
- Nathaniel Campbell
- David Campbell
One more record from the notes of Marge Campbell* is a little cryptic but seems to indicate a lawsuit between John Campbell and Jacob Arents.
- p 239 Sep 1740 Term. John Campbell v Jacob Arents in Cust. Jacob Arents late of E(ssex). Co., Phisihan, on 16 Aug 1739 owed J.C. £17.9.- for mdse prev. delv?d. With warrant for arrest indorsed?: Judg. For want of plea 17 June 1741. (ECT files )Declar. 1731- 4?__?)
This is all I have on Robert Campbell of Essex County. A map of Essex Co is to follow. One clarification. There (apparently?) were two areas in ENJ that were called “Dismal Swamp”. One was, and still is, located in northern Middlesex County. This is the area (I’m assuming) the John Campbell Sr of Piscataway family lived who will be discussed later. I assume this since the land he bought was reported as being on the “Dismal Brook”. Another area called “Dismal Swamp” was located near Newark. I can find no concrete reference to this area today however, McGrath cites a record that pretty much confirms its existence in the early 1700’s.
“Jan. 3, 5, 10, 1703-4. Francis Lindsley, by deed of gift, conveyed to his sons, as follows in brief: To his son Joseph Lindsley… 60 acres in Newark, being by the Dismal Swamp; bounded easterly by Zachariah Burwell and Micah Tompkins, southerly by highway, westerly by John Treat, northerly Stone house brook and unsurveyed land. ……”
By today’s standards, the Dismal Swamp of Northern Middlesex Co NJ, and the Dismal Swamp referred to in McGraths work are separated by about 30 miles.
Click on the map to get a better view….
* A note about Marge Campbell. She is a Campbell of ENJ researcher that has posted several transcribed documents at RootsWeb. If you research this area, you should read them. She has many, many postings. Here is Part 1 of 6 (there is more but I trust you can find them)