Argyle Patent

Map of area covered in ENJ and NYI have published several sketches covering East New Jersey (Monmouth, Middlesex, and Somerset Co’s) and New York. I thought it might be helpful to see the locations of the primary towns and the distance between them by today’s roads. I have found it helps me to understand who may or may not have been traveling back and forth between NY and NJ.

A) Beekman, Dutchess Co, NY:  Archibald and Duncan Campbell, Loyalists of Duchess Co, NY

B) Albany, Albany Co, NY:  Archibald Campbell Surveyor for Lauchlin Campbell and Argyle Patent. Archibald was raised on the Raritan River in ENJ

C) Argyle, Washington Co, NY:  Many Campbells from posts using Category: Argyle Patent

D) Hackensack, Bergen Co, NJ

E) Piscataway Township, Middlesex Co, NJ:  Many posts using Category:  East New Jersey

F) Monmouth Battle Ground, Monmouth Co, NJ. Many posts using Category of East New Jersey but primarily:


A) Beekman, Dutchess Co, NY

  • Albany, NY: 90 miles
  • Argyle, NY: 131 miles
  • Hackensack, NJ: 74 miles
  • Piscataway, NJ: 115 miles
  • Monmouth Battleground: 116 miles

B) Albany, Albany Co, NY

  • Beekman, NY: 90 miles
  • Argyle, NY: 47 miles
  • Hackensack, NJ: 134 miles
  • Piscataway, NJ: 176 miles
  • Monmouth Battleground: 182 miles

C) Argyle, Washington Co, NY

  • Beekman, NY: 132 miles
  • Albany, NY: 47 miles
  • Hackensack, NJ: 180 miles
  • Piscataway, NJ: 221 miles
  • Monmouth Battleground: 227 miles

D) Hackensack, Bergen Co, NJ

  • Beekman, NY: 74 miles
  • Albany, NY: 134 miles
  • Argyle, NJ: 180 miles
  • Piscataway, NJ: 44 miles
  • Monmouth Battleground: 50 miles

E) Piscataway Township, Middlesex Co, NJ

  • Beekman, NY: 115 miles
  • Albany, NY: 176 miles
  • Argyle, NJ: 221 miles
  • Hackensack, NJ: 44 miles
  • Monmouth Battleground: 21 miles

F) Monmouth Battle Ground, Monmouth Co, NJ

  • Beekman, NY: 116 miles
  • Albany, NY: 182 miles
  • Argyle, NJ: 227 miles
  • Hackensack, NJ: 50 miles
  • Piscataway, NJ: 21 miles

NOTE: My interest in Archibald is identifying any siblings he may have had. If you have any clues, suspects, or  speculations, I would love to hear it them!

Archibald Campbell, surveyor in Albany, NY, was b. 1 June 1735 (via his gravestone) and d. 24 Apr 1793. He m. Christina Starrenberg abt /bef 1777 (assumed from the date of the birth of his son Archibald, Jr.). Per his will 19 Feb 1793, he had sons John, Jacob, “and four others”, plus daughters Margaret, wife of Thomas Brissbrown, Hannah, Sarah, Caty, and Elizabeth.

My Note: I haven’t found an on-line transcription of Archibald’s will. I took this information from here.

UPDATE: One of Archibald’s descendants provided a transcription of his will (in the comments section)… Thank you so much!!

I’m certain I don’t connect directly to Archibald; however, I may have a clue as to his parents.  I have written extensively on the following family but will summarize here and link below:

  • John Campbell d. prior to 1764 Dec 28, when: “Renunciation by Margaret Campbell, the widow, in favor of her son, Archibald Campbell. (Will of John Campbell)
  • 1764 Dec 31, in Somerset Co, estate papers name: Margritt, wife, Archibald, eldest son, Greear Brown fellow Bondsman, and an inventory valued at £78.13.6
  • In 1784, 20 years after the death of the above John Campbell, Archibald Campbell of Albany, NY advertised what was either his or his father’s farm, on the Bank of the Raritan River, as being for sale in the Political Intelligencer, New Brunswick. Interested parties are directed to Greear Brown or himself in Albany.

I have dedicated four sketches related to this John, his sister Jeanette who married Tobias Van Norden and a possible father Duncan:

From Electric Scotland, “Surveyor for Captain Lauchlin Campbell of the island of Isla was the surveyors, Archibald Campbell, of Raritan, New Jersey, and Christopher Yates, of Schenectady, who began their labors June 19, 1764…

Archibald Campbell lived in Albany, NY during his adult life and while many families of the time maintained homes in both NYC and NJ, Albany is 167 miles N. of Raritan, NJ so it’s doubtful he visited Raritan often if at all. There are a couple records with regards to his family at the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany.  Most significant is that it identifies his wife and a son Archibald.

      • 4/8/1778 baptism of Archibald  of Archibald Kemmel and Christina Starrenberg
      • 6/6/1784 baptism of Pieter, born 2/23/1784, of Pieter Vroman and Wyntje Redlif,
      • witnesses Archibald and Christina Camble

A short narrative about Archibald can be read here but I’ll summarize a facts which I have not collaborated but are very likely accurate.

      • By 1766, he was paying taxes on an Albany house.
      • In 1768, he married Christina Starenberg of the Schoharie Valley. The marriage produced In 1763, he is said to have been deeded a tract of family land in Albany County.
      • In 1772, he laid out a 1.15 million acre tract in the Adirondacks. He also made a number of maps of the city of Albany.
      • Represented Charlotte County in the Provincial Congress during Rev War. He also posted bail for some country people including his father-in-law
      • During the 1780s, his store “opposite Mr. Denniston’s tavern” was advertized in the Albany newspaper. He sold imported tea, sugar, and window glass.
      • He owned and leased a number of lots within the city limits.
      • In 1787, he served as an inspector in the first ward.
      • Member of the Albany Presbyterian church.
      • In 1785 he was the deputy State Surveyor.
      • In 1789, he patented 3,000 acres of bottomland (including two islands) in what became Tioga County.
      • He also owned lands in New Jersey and near Sacandaga.

It is from a transcription of his gravestone that we learn Archibald’s date of birth. Archibald d. 24 Apr 1793 the rest of the inscription reads, 57 y 10 m 23 d and mentions he was a surveyor. There are also 2 William Campbell’s buried in the Presbyterian Burial Ground; one could be an un-named son.

Other Sources:

    • “Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, NY 1683-1809”  C.T. Gotham, 1981
    • Gravestone inscription: “The annals of Albany, Volume 3”,  By Joel Munsell, p. 231 Available at Google Books

Lucy Laird, a poster at RootsWeb, transcribed a book she owned entitled “The Argyle Patent and Accompanying Documents, Excerpted from History of the Somonauk Presbyterian Church by Jennie M. Patten (With Notes on Washington County Families), Chicago, 1928; Reprinted: Gen. Publ. Co, Baltimore, 965,1979. This book details various lists of those brought over by Lauchlin Campbell and subsequently given land in the Argyll Patent some 25 years later. Lucy referred to the book  as a “gem” and I must agree. I am so thankful she took the time to transcribe it and post for the rest of us. I won’t go into Lauchlin’s story. Much has been written and is easily obtainable on the web.

The portions of the book that “were probably prepared in 1763” (the time the land was being divided) give small histories of what had happened in the past 25 years which is valuable when trying to determine how these families fit together.

As far as the Campbell’s are concerned, The Fitch Gazetteer covered them pretty well; however a few bits of information can be learned. I will write about it next and then post the consolidated Campbell information after that.  The links to the pages are at the bottom of this post.

Family of White Dunk

Note: I have seen this Duncan assumed to beDuncan Campbell of ye family of Duntroon”

Duncan Campbell & Anna Campbell his Wife (Lenos), and one Daughter Catarine.

  • Imported 1740
  • Duncan Campbell, living as also his Wife, with three Sons and two Daughters…..350 acres.
  • Duncan Campbell and wife, three sons and two daughters, all of age.

John Campbell of Balinabie & Anna Campbell his wife.

  • Imported 1738
  • John Campbell. Dead, brought a Wife with him who is Dead and they have left no Children, But he has a sister called Ann, who is married in the Highlands & has 5 children. Married Duncan Campbell who is in this list hereafter.
  • Imported 1739: John Campbell & Mary his Mother, Dead, Archibald the nephew of John, Living and provided for.

Note the dates of importation. Not sure if they are accurate and they may not have made the trip together.  Putting that aside, I think that John Campbell of Balinabie is the brother to Ann Campbell who is m. to “white Dunk”. Remember, Ann’s gravestone says that she is “of the family of Balenabe”.  Also, I believe it’s possible that “John Campbell & Mary his Mother, Dead, Archibald the nephew of John” belong to Ann.

From “The Clan Campbell, Abstracts of Entries relating to Campbell’s in the Sherrif Court Books of Argyll at Inveraray”; by Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldine and Glenure; Published 1913, We see an Ann Campbell who was the daughter of Donald Campbell of Ballinaby:

1721, July 19th.  – Discharge by Duncan Campbell, Alexander Campbell and Ann Campbell, lawful children of the deceased Donald Campbell of Ballinaby, in favour of John Campbell, now of Ballinaby, their brother german, for 1000 merks of provision divided among them, in terms of the Disposition by their said father to him of the lands of Ballinaby burdened with the said provision, dated 29th November 1704.  They also mention Archibald Campbell, their brother german, and Mary Campbell, their mother.  Dated at Killarow 12th May 1711; witnesses, John Campbell of Lagganlochan, Archibald Campbell of Shinderline*, Duncan Campbell in Balleole and John Campbell, writer in Islay. (P 181)

* From other documents, it is apparent that Archibald Campbell of Shinderline was their brother german or natural brother.

Ann and John Campbell in Kelsa entered a marriage contract a few months later:

1721, September 18th.  – Registration of Contract of Marriage, dated at Conilland 20th January 1718, between John Campbell in Kelsa on the one part, and Anna Campbell, sister german to John Campbell of Ballinaby, with consent of the said John and Duncan Campbell in Grunard, her brother german, on the other part, the said John Campbell in Kelsa providing £920 Scots in goods and property, and the tocher being a Bond for £216 Scots, which is her bairns’ portion, and a further sum of £100 provided by herself. Witnesses are Archibald Campbell of Shinderline, Colin Campbell of Elister, Alexander Campbell, son to John Campbell of Kilanalen, and John Campbell writer in Islay. (P 182)

If I have this right, Ann Campbell of Balenabe m. John Campbell, probably in Scotland. He died and she married Duncan Campbell and was brought here by Lauchlan Campbell. Again, this is only circumstantial, but if researching this family in Scotland, it might be worth looking at.

You can read More about Ann Campbell in post #15 – Ann Campbell of Balenabe and more about the family of Ann and Duncan Campbell in post #3 – The Fitch Gazetteer: Misc Campbell Genealogies

Alexander Campbell

  • Brought here in  1738 and by 1763, Alexander Campbell, is married has a family in Amboy.

See post 22 – Summary of Things Important and 26 – Children of John Campbell of Piscataway for more on a possible Alexander of Amboy:

  • Alexander of Perth Amboy who on 7 Jan 1742 obtained a marriage bond for himself and Hannah Leigh.  Peter Savery was the fellow bondsman.  Hannah was b. 1723 and d. 1775.  In July of 1783, his will was proven.  He was “of Perth Amboy”.  He gave his son William, his instruments of surveying and named another son, Joseph and 2 daughters Margaret and Mary Campbell.  He named 2 granddaughters Juliana Campbell and Amelia Hoar.  He named his brother-in-law, Joseph Leigh as an executor along with his son Joseph and daughter Mary.  His inventory was valued at £17.18.3.

Sarah Gordon Fraser Campbell McNeil

Duncan Campbell & Sarah Fraser his Wife.

  • Imported 1739
  • Duncan Campbell, Dead, his Widow & three sons and a Daughter living, the Daughter married……………..250 acres.
  • Duncan Campbell and wife with four children, three of them sons, all of age, and one grandchild, himself, dead.

I go back and forth on the name of Sarah’s Campbell husband. Most say Archibald but Lauchlin’s list and The Fitch Gazetteer call him Duncan.  We know Sarah’s son was Archibald Campbell and he married Ann, the daughter of “white Dunk”. The Gazetteer also makes mention of a son Daniel who: On impulse he boarded a vessel for England and did not return to NY for 21 years.  Shortly after his return, he left again for England and was not heard from again.

The daughter was Caty who m. William Hunter of NY and she had a dau Polly.

The third son is unknown. He of course could have died after the grants were given, gone back to England or just moved on. However, as an alternate theory, I suspect that “black Dunk” could be the third son of Sarah Gordon Fraser Campbell McNeil but my theory it is purely circumstantial:

  • Named Duncan (makes sense)
  • Requested to be buried next to an Archibald (there were several Archibald’s in the area)
  • He “quartered at the same house as Gen’s Frazer and Reidsel” after the Allen family massacre. Gen’s Frazer and Reidsel quartered at Sarah ‘s house.
  • The day of the McCrea murder, Norman Morrison was working at Sarah’s house. Black Dunc was m. to Norman Morrison’s mother.

The problem with my theory is that there is no reference to black Duncan being the son of Sarah in his biography or anywhere else in the pages I have from The Gazetteer. While I don’t have every page, it seems to me I would have run across that information somewhere.  It’s a big piece of information and not likely to be overlooked by those that were interviewed for The Gazetteer.

You can read more about  Sarah here: 16 – Sarah Gordon Fraser Campbell McNeil and more here, 3 – The Fitch Gazetteer: Misc Campbell Genealogies

Campbell Summaries

The following is information regarding the Campbell families mentioned in the book. I have gathered all the info listed on the 7 pages (sourced below) and compiled them into family groups. Please double check my work if you find something of interest. I’m pretty sure I was accurate, but I assembled these 2 years ago in 2010 so I’m not as up to date as I was once was.

Duncan Campbell & Anna Campbell his Wife (Lenos), and one Daughter Catarine.

  • Imported 1740
  • Duncan Campbell, living as also his Wife, with three Sons and two Daughters…..350 acres.
  • Duncan Campbell and wife, three sons and two daughters, all of age.

John Campbell of Balinabie & Anna Campbell his wife.

  • Imported 1738
  • John Campbell. Dead, brought a Wife with him who is Dead and they have left no Children, But he has a sister called Ann, who is married in the Highlands & has 5 children. married Duncan Campbell who is in this list hereafter.

John Campbell & Mary his Mother, Dead, Archibald the nephew of John, Living and provided for. Imported 1739

Angus Campbell with his son John.  Imported 1739

Duncan Campbell of Lochnel.  Imported 1740

Duncan Campbell of ye family of Dunn.  Imported 1740

Duncan Campbell of ye family of Duntroon.  Imported 1740 (My Note: Possibly – Duncan Campbell & Anna Campbell his Wife (Lenos))

Catharine Campbell.

  • Imported 1739
  • Catharine Campbell lives in the highlands (NY).

Neil Campbell.

  • Imported 1739
  • Neil Campbell lives in the Island of Jamaica.

Anna Campbell Imported 1740

  • Anne Campbell lives in the Highlands & is Married 7 has a family of 6 Children…..200 acres.

Malcolm Campbell.

  • Imported 1740
  • Malcolm Campbell lives in New York, a Merchant…..200 acres.

William Campbell, Joiner, Dead – (has) family, but in Scotland. – No Claim – Imported 1738

William Campbell, Wheel Wright, Dead. – No Claim – Imported 1738

Alexander Campbell.

  • Imported 1738
  • Alexander Campbell, is married has a family in Amboy.

Duncan Campbell & Sarah Fraser his Wife.

  • Imported 1739
  • Duncan Campbell, Dead, his Widow & three sons and a Daughter living, the Daughter married…..250 acres.
  • Duncan Campbell and wife with four children, three of them sons, all of age, and one grandchild, himself, dead.

Mary Campbell.  Imported 1738

Neil Campbell.  Imported 1740

Donald Campbell & Mary McKay his wife; Robert, James, Margaret & Isabel his 4 children.

  • Imported 1738
  • Donald Campbell. Dead, his Wife and four Children living. One of whom is Married…..250 acres.

James Campbell & Anna McDougall his wife. Archibald, Lauchlin, Eliz, & Janet (&) his 4 children.

  • Imported 1738
  • James Campbell. He is Dead, His Widow Anna McDougall and one Son Archibald and two Daughters are living. Widow (100 acres), Archibald the son (50), Isabel (50) …..200.
  • James Campbell and wife, one son and two daughters, himself; dead.

Ronald Campbell, Dead – No Claim

  • Imported 1738
  • Ronald Campbell. Decd. No family with him.

Dugald Campbell. Dead. Archibald Campbell of N. York his Heir…..150 acres – Imported 1739 (My Note: This could be referring to s/o Sarah Gordon Fraser Campbell McNeil)

Alexander Campbell & Margaret Campbell his Wife & One Daughter Merran.

  • Imported 1740
  • Alexander Campbell. Dead, but has one Daughter alive in New York…..150 acres. (Note: Could be other Alexander Campbell from 1740)

Alexander Campbell of ye family of Landie.

  • Imported 1740
  • Alexander Campbell. Dead, two Daughters living…..150 acres. (Note: Could be other Alexander Campbell from 1740)

John Campbell.

  • Imported 1740
  • John Campbell. Married in New York…..200 acres.

Duncan Campbell. Married in New York and has sevl. Children…..200 acres. Imported 1740.

Archibald Campbell of Ardenton. (Listed with William)

  • Imported 1740
  • William Campbell, Archibald Campbell of Ardenton
  • Archibald Campbell, Dead, but have left Children who live in the Highlands…..200 acres.

William Campbell, of Ardenton (Listed with Archibald)

  • Imported 1740
  • William Campbell, Archibald Campbell of Ardenton
  • William Campbell. Dead, but have left Children who live in the Highlands…..200 acres.

Other Campbell Mentions


Neil McArthur & Mary Campbell his wife & Alexander, John and Christian his 3 children.

  • Imported 1738
  • Neil McArthur Dead, His Widow and five Children Living…..300 acres.


Alexander McDuffies Widow, Anna Campbell (he Dieing at sea), Archibald, Duncan, James, Mary & Isabel his 5 Children.

  • Imported 1739
  • Alexander McDuffie, Died at Sea, his Widow and two Daughters, his son Duncan Duffie who is dead hath left one Daughter called Anne…..250 acres.

Dudley McDuffie & Margaret Campbell his wife; & Archibald a son.

  • Imported 1738
  • Dudly McDuffie. Dead. (Was) Married and (had) a son & a Daughter. The daughter Married…..150 acres.

Archibald McDuffie & Catharine Campbell his Wife, John and Duncan his 2 sons.

  • Imported 1739
  • Archibald McDuffie. Dead, One son Duncan & two Children & two Children half Blood…..150 acres.


John McNeil & Elizabeth Campbell his wife & Barbara, Peggie, Catharine, Betty & Neil – 5 chr.

  • Imported 1738
  • John McNeil, he is Dead, His Widow is living and four Daughters in this Province and one in England. N:B one of the Daughters Named Jane came over in 1740. Four Daughters…..200 acres.

Source and Accompanying Links

“The Argyle Patent and Accompanying Documents, Excerpted from History of the Somonauk Presbyterian Church” by Jennie M. Patten (With Notes on Washington County Families), Chicago, 1928; Reprinted: Gen. Publ. Co, Baltimore, 1965,1979.

Summery of information presented

A List of Passengers from Islay with Captain Lauchlin Campbell bound for New york, July 1738.

“A List of Passengers from Islay who came from Scotland to New York with Capt. Laughlin Campbell, June 1739” by Jennie M. Patten.

“A List of Passengers who came from Islay with Capt. Lauchlin Campbell bound for New York, November 1740” by Jennie M. Patten.

Document IX – “List of Persons brought from Argyleshire, Scotland by Capt. Laughlin Campbell in 1738. This portion of list was probably prepared in 1763” – Jennie M. Patten.

“List of Persons brought from Scotland by Capt. Laughlin Campbell in 1738-40. This list was probably prepared in 1763”.

“List of Persons brought from Scotland by Capt Laughlin Campbell in 1738-40. This list was probably prepared in 1763” by Jennie M. Patten.

The following genealogies and notes were taken from my screen shots “The Fitch Gazetteer” unless specifically noted otherwise. My method was basically reading pages out of context and trying to fit the information together in family groups.  That said, If you doubt my work here, read my transcriptions of the screen shots here, then try to back up any connection you find with other references. Better yet, get a copy of the book. You can read how I came on this information here: 1 – The Fitch Gazetteer.

Duncan Campbell AKA “White Dunk”

Ann Balenabe, b Scotland, m. Duncan Campbell AKA “white Dunk” and AKA “old Duncan” She d. 10 Aug 1777 in Burgoyne’s camp at Ft Edwards of dysentery, Tombstone later erected by son James.  She died age 74 (b. 1703). Buried near Granddaughter. Ann and her Granddaughter d. of dysentery while at Burgoyne’s Camp where they fled for protection after the Allen family massacres.

  • My Note: This family was detailed in the sketch 15 – Ann Campbell of Belenabe. Dr Norton (orator) refers to her as Ann Balanabe where as other references call her Ann Lenox. Balenabe is referenced on her grave stone “of the family of Balenabe”. I suppose that could be understood as her maiden name or her place of origin. Dr Norton may have had better knowledge of her.
  • My Note: I have seen Duncan named as one of the sons of Lachlin Campbell – here is an example but others have pick up on this.  I suppose it’s possible but I find it HIGHLY unusual – if not improbable – that one of the residents and or descendants interviewed in the 1850’s time frame, for this manuscript, would not have mentioned such an enormous detail. Much information was known about this Duncan and not one bit of information given suggests that his father was Lachlin Campbell.

Duncan Campbell – AKA “old Duncan” also AKA “white Dunk”. Lot 49 of Scots (Argyle) Patent. Resided at Dwelly hill.

  • My Note: Dwelly Hill was the name given to the site of the Alphonso Dwelly farm in 1849. This location is referred to often in Dr Fitch’s notes. Don’t let it cause confusion. They were describing the location of a current neighbor in 1849 – Dwelly Hill was not the name of the farm in the 1700’s.

Duncan was a stanch Loyalist

Belonged to Assoc Ref Church, Salem

Children of White Dunk and Ann (My Note: Read my above linked sketch as it’s entirely possible Ann had children with a prior husband – John Campbell):

1)   John Campbell left will in Jamaica ref Cousin Alexander and Duncan in Jamaica. (My Note: Is a natural child to Ann but not sure if Duncan was his father or step father)

In the name of God, Amen. I, John Campbell, late of the Island of Jamaica, but at present of New York, being very sick. My debt of £400 to Mr. Goldsbrow Banyer, and all other debts, to be paid. I leave to my sister, Margaret Campbell, £1,000; To my three brothers, Archibald, Alexander, and James, I leave £500 each; To my sister, Catharine McArthur, £200; To my sister, Ann Campbell, £200 when married, provided she marries with the approbation of my executors. I leave to my mother, Ann Campbell, £200; To my cousin, Duncan Campbell, of Kingston, Jamaica, merchant, £200. I leave to my three brothers, Archibald, Alexander, and James, the lands I lately purchased of Goldsbrow Banyer * in the Province of New York, viz., To Archibald, Lot No. 30; To Alexander, Lot No. 38; To James, Lot No. 36. All the rest I leave to my cousin, Alexander Campbell, of Kingston, Jamaica. I make Dr. Peter Middleton, of New York, Johnston Fairhaghne, of Jamaica, and Walter Buchanan, of New York, merchant, executors, and each is to have 20 Pistoles, besides expenses and a reasonable commission. ” The 20 Pistoles being intended to buy each of them a suit of mourning.”

2)   Margaret Campbell.  Probably died 17 Oct 1784.  My Note: I believe this is her administration

  • Campbell, Duncan of Washington Co farmer letters of administration granted by Thomas Tredwell Judge of the Probate Court at New York to on the estate of his dec’d daughter Margaret of the same place spinster Recorded p 130

3)   Catherine Campbell m. Duncan McArthur. Her brother Alexander came to check on this family’s safety after the Allen massacre: “Alexander Campbell who is in Burgoyne’s Army, ascertained the identity of the Allen scalps, and came to check on the McArthur’s safety bringing them their first news of the murders; the McArthur’s then went to their grandfather Campbell’s who resided on the Dwelly place; the day before the murders”

4)   Ann Campbell m. Archibald s/o Widow Campbell/McNeil.  He d. in Fort Edward and Wife died in Canada.  Another note says: Nancy m. another Campbell related to Wid Sarah McNeil (Jane McCrea).

  • My Note: Probably Ann = Nancy. Also, you will occasionally see in various sources that the family of Sarah McNeil (of Jane McCrea fame – AKA Sarah Gordon Campbell McNeil) and this family as being related back in Scotland. My thought is while possibly true, Sarah did marry a Campbell but this marriage could also be the explanation.

5)   Alexander Campbell

  • Rode with Neil Gillespie to his Brother in Law’s Duncan McArthur to check on their safety after Allen Family Massacre.  They all went to their father’s house Duncan Campbell who lived on the Dwelly place, then after 2-3 days went to Fort Edwards.
  • He lived opposite his Brother James on Battenkill, Jackson, NY.
  • The Jackson party camped on his land in Aug 1777
  • He was indicted with 4 others 5 Nov 1782  for adhering to “the enemies of this state” on deposition of Thomas Collins
  • His lot sold (?) by Sheriff 16 Mar 1815, bounded N by Archibald Campbell
  • Alexander Campbell moved to Canada, not far from Lisbon, NY

6)   James Campbell a loyalist was also commissioned as a Col. in Burgoynes army and went to Canada, not far from Lisbon, NY. He m. Elizabeth Clark d/o Dr Clark minister, sister of Judge Ebinezer Clark and Benj Clark who went to SC with his father. Interrogates James Rogers after Rogers had been captured at Skenesborough, Whitehall, NY

7)   Archibald Campbell m. Flora McNeil (McNeal) dau of Archibald (old Archy) McNeal and Granddaughter of William McNeal. He d. 31 Jan 1808 at 69 (b. 1739 or 1738). Flora d. 1 Nov 1825 at 74.

Archibald and John McNeil had their bread baked at Duncan’s house while clearing logs for their own land and constructing their log houses.

Remained neutral during the Rev War.

His family was with the McNachten party that went into Burgoyne’s Camp following the Allen Family Massacre.

Norman Morrison resided in his home following the Revolutionary War

Had 6 Children. The Bible of Elizabeth Eady Campbell (1793-1860) had sheets sewn in listing names of brothers and sisters of her husband (Duncan Campbell Jr. below).

  • Caty b. 4 Jun 1772 m. Jacob Heustis. From: “Death Notices from Washington County, New York, Newspapers, 1790-1880” by Mary Smith Jackson, Edward F Jackson. Heustis, Catherine in her 73rd yr, Widow of Jacob and dau of late Archibald Campbell of Cambridge, NY in Chesterfield, NY May 9, 1844
  • John b. 1 Jun 1776 m Polly Walker
  • Alexander b. 13 Jan 1779 m. Nellie Dyer. Owned a 150a farm above Battenville NY and left a $200 mortgage on it. James Walker and Solomen Cobb owned the farm after him.  James Weir exchanged farms with Cobb and paid off the mortgage of Campbell.
  • Nelly (AKA Eleanor) b. 11 Jun 1783 m. John Crary Esq of Salem on 5 Apr 1804. Hon John Crary esq lived in Salem, NY and  d. 10 Apr 1872 at age 90. Was married at Cambridge NY by the Rev Alexander Proudfit. Nelly’s dau, Esther Ann m. Gen John McNaughton c 1806 who was on practice with Hon John Sacage.
  • Duncan b. 26 Sep 1785 married Betsy Eddie, Settled in Wyoming Co, PA had 9 children and died there. It is from Eddie’s/Eady Campbell’s Bible that we learn the names of Duncan and his siblings (the children of Archibald Campbell and Flora McNeil).
  • Archibald b. 11 Nov 1790 and died 8 June 1862 in Centre Falls, NY. He m. Sallie Fuller. Source of Archibald’s Death: “Death Notices from Washington County, New York, Newspapers, 1790-1880” by Mary Smith Jackson, Edward F Jackson. Mentions Archibald was 72y.  Adam Cotterell raised Archy the son of Archibald Campbell of Centre Falls, NY (History of the Town of Greenwich says Widow of Archi lived in Centre Falls)
  • Ann died at Fort Edwards the day after her Grandma Ann (Belenabe) Campbell and is buried next to her. From her stone: “Ann Campbell daughter of Mr. Archibald Campbell and Mrs. Florence Campbell who died August the 11th, 1777 in the 4th year of her age” (My Note: I believe I read something that referred to her as Nancy but her stone says Ann). Ann and her Grandmother d. while at Burgoyne’s Camp where they fled for protection after the Allen family massacres.

Duncan Campbell AKA Black Dunk?

Duncan Campbell b. Craignish?, Argyleshire, Scotland. Married Mary Chambers, single woman, a member of Dr Clark’s colony from Ireland.  She d. of jaundice in 1777 at Ft Edward NY. He married 2nd Widow Morrison, d. 3 Apr 1812 and buried in Alex MacNachten burial ground – unmarked.

  • My Note: I found a Genforum Query (#14265): I have a Duncan Campbell in my tree from Craignish, but earlier. He was born about 1740, but this is only a guess. He settled in Argyle, Washington Co, NY. There he married Mary Chambers, and left many descendants. He told his children a very odd story about visiting relatives in Ireland at about the age of fourteen. While there, he boarded a ship to see off friends, and was accidentally taken out to sea. He landed in Maryland and became an apprentice for several years, then went to NY. I have to wonder if this was a tall tale.

AKA “ ‘black Dunk’ as he was called” resided next after Roger Read (Reid) at Fitch’s Point, Salem NY “just over the hill below Widow McDougall” at the head of the flat”.

Mentions a son William.

At his request he was buried next to Archibald Campbell “on the place now (1847) owned by ‘emperor’ Alexander” My Note: more from Fitch – Robert Alexander was called “Emperor”. He owned the original homestead of Archibald Campbell in 1847 – (My Note: Not entirely sure which Archibald this was!)

At age 4 or 5 emigrated to Pennsylvania and later the NY Highlands

Military service described.

His second wife was the mother of Norman Morrison who stayed at Archibald Campbell’s house shortly after the revolution (See s/o White Dunk above).  Norman worked at the house of Sarah Gorden Frazier Campbell the day she was taken by Indians. Father of Norman Morrison was Malcom Morrison. Norman was abt 20 yrs old at time of Allen Massacre.

Referred to as Duncan Campbell of Battenkill

Described as owning Lot 36, and drawing lot 88. My Note: On a list showing original ownership of lots, Duncan Campbell Sr (White Dunk and hub to Ann) is listed as owning lot 36 in Greenwich (450 acres), Lot 88 is listed as Duncan Campbell (300 acres).

His family remained at Ft Edwards the month following the Allen Massacres and quartered at the same house as Gen’s Frazer and Reidsel (My Note: Possibly/probably Sarah Gordon Frasier Campbell McNeil’s House).

Had Children:

  • Jane m. David Logan abt 1790, removed to Alburgh, VT or Canada;
  • William m. dau of Roger Read. b. abt 1769.  In 1847, William narrates his family origins back to Dr Fitch and describes the flight of various local families to Ft Edward Aug 1777 following the Allen Massacre. His job to watch over the cattle while at Fort Edward.  There is an account of an encounter with an Indian.
  • Catherine who lived in Annsville NY;
  • Nancy (twin) m. Amasa Carter,
  • Mary (Polly) (twin) m. George Heist;
  • John d 1844, Annsville NY by the falling of a tree limb.

My Note: It seems to me Black Dunk is somehow connected to the family of White Dunk and/or more likely Sarah Gordon Frasier Campbell McNeil. I can’t find a connection even though these families seemed close/allied.

Capt Campbell: 

  • Commanded a company in Col. Montgomery’s Highland Regiment and was supposed to be an Uncle of William Campbell. (My Note: There was a Captain John Campbell who died in the same battle as Maj Duncan Campbell of Inverawe “Black Watch” in 1758. If correct, we have 2 Capt. Campbells – See below)
  • Drew 3000 acre lot of military lands that incl Bishop’s corner and Middle Granville, NY. Obtained 1000 more as a standard allotment for his rank. (My Note: This may be Capt John Campbell? Source: “HISTORY OF THE CAMPBELL FAMILY”  BY Henry Lee, page 80:  “3,000 acres of land in Washington County to Captain John Campbell in 1764”)

William Campbell

Born in Isle of Skye, Scotland.

Originally came here during the French and Indian war as part of a Highland Regmt. Commanded by ____ Montgomery. Was supposed to be a nephew of Capt. Campbell of Montgomery’s Highland Regiment

He later resided on Widow McDougall’s place in Jackson NY.

He enlisted at age 21, his company commanded by Capt. Campbell, thought to be his Uncle and served 9 years in America and discharged in Nova Scotia where he m 1st Catherine Kennedy

Catherine Kennedy was b. Argyleshire, Scotland widow of ____ Thompson; She had several children by a prior marriage incl 2 sons who remained in Brockville, Canada.

Catherine Kennedy and William Campbell went to NYC then settled in N J (My Note: Probably an abbr for something other than New Jersey as she is said to be buried in WA Co, NY).  Says lived on Dwelly place on corner of Duncan Campbell’s lot.

Catharine Kennedy is buried in McNachten burial ground.

Dau of William Campbell and Catherine Kennedy was Eunice Campbell. She was b. 9 Mar 1762 in Nova Scotia and M. 16 Nov 1776 Alexander Reid. He was b. 17 Jan 1752. were m. by Rev. Dr. Clark and had 11 children listed.

William was eligible for a grant in VT, he would not settle it, as it was “so entirely out of the world there”;

Settled the Dwelly place, a corner of Duncan Campbell’s lot, Argyll patent;

Gives an account of an incident during Revolutionary War

William married 2nd Catherine dau of Rodger A Reid and

  • Had son Rodger.
  • MY NOTE:  See Black Dunk above.  His son William m a dau of Rodger Reid.  It seems improbable that this William is Black Dunks son so either I have the notes wrong, coincidence, or confusion in Dr. Fitch’s notes…. Or This William is Black Dunk’s son! If He is the s/o Black Dunk the Capt Campbell (above) would be Black Dunk’s brother. I have no idea who Capt Campbell is other than what’s listed.

Catherine Campbell

William Reid Esq married Catherine Campbell in Scotland. She was b. in Broadalbin Scotland and she died 14 Sep 1793 at 55 (b. 1738).  Lord Sterling sent for William to build him a Flax dressing machine on his NJ Estate.  More Info included in sketch 17 – Archibald Campbell Son of Lord Neil Campbell and the history of Kells Hall.

Rented Dwelly Hill from Campbell for a year (My Note: Seems like a few Campbells rented this property – probably should check for a link)

Was confined during Rev on suspicion of being a whig.  Was confined for a year and 2 of his children died of smallpox during his confinement.


  • Maj John Reid m. 1st Margaret McArthur and 2nd Sarah McKie
  • William Reid M. Sally Wharry; Separate entry: William Reid, d. 1 Dec 1837 at 67.  He m. Sarah who d. 30 Apr 1818 at 50; another entry states he m. Sally Wharry and had  children: William, physician, James, John, David and Mary.  Yet another entry states he d. in 1807 and left minor children: John, James, William, and Mary.  Maybe another William Reid?? That Wm said to be  s/o William, Esq and Catherine Campbell)
  • James Reid m. Rebecca Brown
  • Joseph Reid m. Elizabeth Matthews
  • Elinor Reid (3rd child) m. William McNeil who d. 19 Nov 1833 at age 96
  • Alexander Reid m. Ann Lant. Had 5 Children: Catherine, William, James, Archibald, Anna Margaret
  • A Sister of Alexander Reid  m. Allen Campbell (Maybe another Alexander Reid as a Campbell marriage is not listed in children’s genealogies

Sarah Gorden Frasier Campbell McNeil

My Note: You can read more about in sketch 16 – Sarah Gordon Frasier Campbell McNeil

Sarah Gorden Frasier: Married 1st Duncan Campbell (My Note: Other sources say he was Archibald. Said to have died in 1764 on trip to America). She m. 2nd James McNeil who d. shortly after marriage.

A history given by a “Dr. Norton” was incorrect as to the order of her marriages and burial site but corrected by author.  Dr Norton lived in 1847 on same lot where Sarah’s house was originally (60-80 rods from Fort Edward and about 150 yards from where Jenny’s body was found – “site of massacre”)

Black Dunk sought shelter here following Allen Massacre.

Gen’s Frazier and Reidesel quartered here.

Description of the house where she resided included the location very near Fort Edwards.

Jane McCrea taken from her home.  There is an account of that day. Jane McCrea was a dau to Col John McCrea. (My Note: You can read a Wiki article on Jane McCrea here.)

Sarah Gordon Frazier Campbell McNeil had a dau that m. Peter B Tearse. (My Note: May have been grandaughter?)

Sarah’s husband was a relative of Archibald and Old Dunken. (My Note: See Ann Campbell, dau of White Dunk (AKA Old Dunken) and Ann Balenabe for possible explanation – or they could have been related as stated)

Relative of Gen Simon Frasier (cousin?).

Says 1st Husband Was Duncan Campbell (Most say it was Archibald). She afterward married in New York city, James McNeil, who soon afterwards died.

  • Dau Caty m. William Hunter of NY Some say Caty was widowed in Scotland (See Genealogy below)
  • Daniel Campbell: On impulse he boarded a vessel for England and did not return to NY for 21 years.  Shortly after his return, he left again for England and was not heard from again.
  • Archibald Campbell kept a Tavern in NYC along with his mother. Came to Argyl prior to Rev War and died here. Original owner of Lot 141 eventually owned by Timothy Eddy in 1848. (Per published lists, David Torry was original owner of lot 141).

My Notes: I have gone back and forth on trying to fit Black Dunk in as s/o Sarah. There is nothing historically linking them meaning no one ever made this claim in Fitch’s work but they seem to fit together at times. Archibald is well documented as her son so it is odd that Duncan wouldn’t be.

Remainder of my info on Sarah Gorden Frazier Campbell McNeil comes from: The Fort Edward book: containing some historical sketches, with … By Robert O. Bascom

Sarah Gordon Frasier, and Archibald Campbell who was related to Major Duncan Campbell of the “Black Watch,” or 42d Highland regiment, and who fell mortally wounded at Ticonderoga July 8, 1758. Archibald Campbell died at sea, while on his way to this country with his family.  (My Note: Unproven, I want to say probably not true, and possibly the result of romanticizing the story of Jane McCrea. Also, she was originally buried near Duncan so that could be the source of the rumor??)

Dau: Katherine Campbell m. Robert Hunter (above source says William)

Grandaughter, Polly (Mary) Hunter (d/o above Katherine) m. Major Peter Bailey Tierce, major in Col. Willett’s regiment, in the Revolutionary war, and afterwards a member of the Legislature.

  • Son (From S.McNeal Will): Archibald Campbell Tierce
  • Son (From S.McNeal Will): William Hunter Tierce
  • Dau: Mary or Polly Tierce m. William Finn. Mary and William had a son named Peter Tierce Finn who m. Mary Cozzens – Peter Tierce Finn, was a son of William Finn, one of the early settlers of Fort Edward

Daughter of Peter Tierce Finn who m. Mary Cozzens was Elizabeth A Finn m. George Scott (Fought in Civil War). They have one daughter, Mary E. Scott

Lachlan Campbell

My Note: Electric Scotland has a good history for Lachlan Campbell of the Isle of Isla, here: . It is long and involved and any summary of mine would not do his history justice. Also has much info on his sons: 1) James Campbell, 2) George Campbell and

3) General Donald Campbell (From Gazetteer)

  • Argyle Patent originally surveyed for him and others.
  • Campbell’s patent was originally granted to him but he never lived there.
  • Fought war on American side and once discovered a trunk belonging to his brother George among captured supplies.
  • He and his brothers petitioned for a 100,000 acres grant 5 Jan 1763.
  • Obituary in Albany Register and 5 Apr 1803 in Northern Centeniel
  • Other Campbell mentioned in association: Allan, John Sr and John Jr.  Donald became a Gen. Campbell.

Rev Robert Campbell

1) Son Solomon Campbell, AKA Saul, of Stillwater, NY, married Sarah, the dau of John Andrew, They had 2 daus and four sons:

  • Archibald,
  • Solomon Jr probably m. his Cousin Tamar, dau of Robert Jr. Removed to Cohocton NY
  • John and
  • Unk son.

2) Robert Campbell Jr. m. his wife in Connecticut

Drew lot 40

Children of Robert Jr, all remained in Cohocton, NY

  • Rebecca Campbell m. Unk Campbell. He was in a boat driving a river of logs at Hadley falls (btwn towns of Luzerne & Hadley, NY).  When the boat upset, he and another were drowned.  No Children.
  • Sarah m. Edward Baker of Kaydeross Creek, Saratoga, Co NY
  • Ruth m. Frederick Stewart;
  • Robert,
  • Miner
  • Rachel m. Asa Mulligen
  • Bradford
  • Tamar m. Solomen Campbell.
  • Lydia m 1st Elias Montgomery and 2nd Elder Peck of Clifton Park, NY.

Misc Notes:

  • Elizabeth Campbell m. McNeal drew lot 43
  • Catherine Dutcher m. Alexander Jr, the son of Alexander and Eunice (Campbell) Reid.
  • David Campbell, Esq. lived in Jackson NY. Raised sheep (finest wool)
  • Archibald Campbell – Merch, NYC original grantee of the Argyll patent had lot 32 – McNaughten. Same Archibald mentioned below (next)
  • Archibald Campbell of the Raritan, surveyor (My note: I have a sketch about a possible father to this Archibald. 21 – John Campbell Brother of Jenette  Campbell
  • Archibald Campbell – Granted 4000 acres 11 Oct 1765 along with James Grant and adjoining John Gregor. (Not sure which Archibald this is)
  • Archibald Campbell had grandson Johnathan Paddock b. abt 1809 and d. 12 July 1823.  During a horse race, he stumbled over a cow lying in the road on “Carter Street” in Greenwich and fractured his skull.  He died 1-2 hours later. (Not sure which Archibald this is)
  • Archibald Jr. drew lot 24 Argyl patent
  • Catherine Campbell – drew lot 1 Argyle

Other Info from Other Sources (not Gazetteer):

Misc Reference to Sarah Gordon Frazer Campbell McNeil:  Cedric A. Traver, Excerpt from Obit:

GLENS FALLS * Cedric A. Traver, a lifelong resident of Glens Falls, passed away Saturday, June 30, 2007, at Eden Park Nursing Home. He lived a very busy and interesting life of 99 years plus. He outlived his entire family and most of his friends and business associates.

Born on Feb. 23, 1908, he was the son of William Andrew and Evelyn Stevens Traver……

Ced recently received an up-to-date genealogy of the Traver family from former County Judge John Austin. He had relationships he never realized. He could not believe his great aunt, Sarah McNeil had been lying beside Jane McCrea for more than 200 years in the State Street and Union Cemetery in Fort Edward. Jane was taken from Sarah’s home in June 1774 and killed. Sarah died in 1800 and arrangements were made at that time for the two of them to be buried together forever. His connection is through his grandmother, Catherine “Kate” Finn Traver, who didn’t die until 1925. He was naturally very proud to be Sarah’s great-nephew and involved in a bit of local history in his 100th year of life.

Source of Wills listed below: “Abstracts of Wills of Washington County New York” copied and compiled by Gertrude A. Barber, July, 1987

NOTE:  UPDATE! Please visit my All Source Page for link to site that has many original records digitized.  Here is a direct link to all the WA Co but you’ll want to check out the above site to see everything available. Campbell Wills: Washington Co, Campbells

Catherine Campbell of Albany Co: Spinster, Proven: 12 July 1770. Original will is at, WA Co, Book 1, Page 53, Image 30. Link to original Will

Mentions Siblings:

  • Archibald Campbell of North Britain (read org will for full description)
  • Mary Campbell
  • Isabella Campbell
  • Jane Campbell, deceased, had daughter

Other Mentions:

  • Donald Campbell, s/o Laughlin Campbell, deceased
  • Brother of Mrs. Rose Graham


  • Brother Archibald Campbell
  • Sisters Mary and Isabella


  • Robert William Lake
  • John Bowles
  • Green Brush

Archibald McNeil of Argyle: Dtd:  21 Mar 1793, Probated: 1 June 1797


  • Dau Isabel Millican (?)
  • Dau Flora Campbell
  • Dau Catherine Gilles
  • Son Alexander
  • Son John
  • Grandson Archibald s/o John


  • Duncan McArthur of Argyle
  • William Reid


  • John Reid
  • William Robertson
  • John Killer
  • Signed “X”

Sarah McNeal of Argyle: This is Sarah Gordon Frasier Campbell McNeil. Dtd: 18 Sept 1798, Probated: 12 July 1799


  • Brother William Frazer
  • Archibald Campbell Tearse s/o Peter B.
  • William Hunter Tearse s/o Peter B.


  • Zina (Maybe Zine) Hitcock
  • Charles Kane
  • Micajah Pettit

Archibald Campbell of Cambridge: This is the son of White Dunk. Dtd: 5 Dec 1807, Proved 25 Feb 1808. Original will is at, WA Co, Book 2, Page 185, Image 343. Link to original Will


  • Wife Flora
  • Dau Katherine
  • Dau Elinor who married John Crary
  • Son Duncan
  • Son Archibald
  • Son Alexander.

NOTE: He also mentioned a son John Campbell – See original will. John was overlooked in the above abstract.


  • Son Alexander
  • John Reid


  • Asa Fitch
  • Nathanial Hart
  • Margaret McDougall

Note: Archibald of Campbridge was mentioned in the will of Geoge Gunn, Schoolmaster of Cambridge as a “friend”. That will was dtd 28 July 1783 and probated Apr 1791

My Note: Archibald lived on a tract of 600 acres in Cambridge now Jackson

Before I detail my notes on the Fitch Gazetteer, there are a few historical events about which you may want to read as they are referenced quite often. A few options are in the following books but there are more out there.

  • “The Pictorial Field-book of the Revolution: Or, Illustrations, by …, Volume 1″ by Benson, John Lossing.  I haven’t read much of this book but it’s free (downloadable) at Google Books and details both the Jane McCrea incident and the Allen Family Massacre:

I can’t vouch for the accuracy of either book and they are occasionally repeating traditions that are not provable but I will leave it to the reader to decide. Also, while I am quoting from “The Pictorial Field-book of the Revolution” with regards to the Allen family massacre, I am only doing so as it is written in a more story-like fashion. “The Fort Edward book” is more text book like.

Jane McCrea

From my sketch 16 – Sarah Gordon Fraser Campbell McNeil:

  • Jane McCrea, or Jenny as she was known, was visiting Sarah’s house near Fort Edwards.  They were both taken by Indians and Jenny was killed.  You can read more about the incident in this Wiki article. The story quickly spread, was re-told and certainly embellished. (Note: Sarah = Sarah Gordon Fraser Campbell McNeil)

From the Gazetteer (unknown orator):

  • … in the rear of the house discovered the Indians, shouted an alarm through an open window, & ran to the fort. Mrs. Campbell’s negro servant and child, who occupied the shanty continuous with the house, ran into the house, she hid her child under a large kettle & then jumped into the cellar hole. Miss McMcrea and Mrs. Campbell followed her, the latter “being less agile & unwieldy”, was just getting through the trap door when the Indians burst in, pulling her out by her hair, without noticing the servant, they jumped into the cellar and lifted McCrea out; both were run out of the house & the party came upon 2 horses; McCrea was raised onto one, but Mrs. Campbell indicated her inability to ride, & was lifted by both arms, & run along up the hill; the detachment from the Fort was now firing and the Indians dropped to the ground with each volley, then got up and ran again until they were out of musket range; Mrs. Campbell was then stripped of all her clothing except her chemise and Jane McCrea was shot according to Mrs. Campbell “by a bullet casually fired from the Americans, upon the retreating Indians”; it was not until 2 days later that she knew that Jane was dead, or what had become of her, when the Indians came into Burgoyne’s camp with a collection of scalps (the pole that had the scalps of the Allen family)

The Allen Family Massacre

From “The Pictorial Field-book of the Revolution”, p. 100

  • … on the same (day) when Jenny lost her life a party of savages murdered the whole family of John Allen of Argyle consisting of himself his wife three children a sister in law and three negroes. The daughter of Mrs. McNeil already mentioned was then at the house of Mr. Allen’s father in law, Mr. Gilmer who, as well as, Mr. Allen, was a Tory. (My Note: referencing the Jenny McCrea incident. Mrs. McNeil is Sarah Gordon Fraser Campbell McNeil from above.) Both were afraid of the savages nevertheless and were preparing to flee to Albany. On the morning of the massacre a younger daughter of Mr Gilmer went to assist Mrs. Allen in preparing to move. Not returning when expected, her father sent a negro boy down for her. He soon returned. “They are all dead – father, mother, young missus and all!” It was too true. That morning while the family were at breakfast the Indians burst in upon them and every one. Mr. Gilmer and his family left in great haste for Fort Edward but proceeded very cautiously for fear of the savages. When near the fort and creeping along a ravine, they discovered a portion of the very party who had plundered Mrs. McNeil’s house in the morning. They had emptied the straw from the beds and filled the ticks with stolen articles. Mrs. McNeil’s daughter, who accompanied the fugitive family, saw her mother’s looking glass tied upon the back of one of the savages. They succeeded in reaching the fort in safety.

The above states the Jane McCrea abduction by Indians happened the same day as the Allen Family Massacre. Gazetteer gives the date 26 July 1777 – or the day before. Probably not important.

From the Gazetteer, a (horrific) account was given. I’m not sure who the orator was.

  • … the white man was guarded by two Indians, while 6 or 7 of them “crept along beside the fence towards the house, till one of them reached a spot from which he could fire into the house door, at Allen, who was seated at the table with his face towards the door”; Allen was wounded when the attack began, and he, Mrs. Allen, and Catherine fled the house; according to Ann MacArthur, there were two or three shot holes in the door; Mrs. Allen and Catherine, “striving to defend the babe”, were found in the path to the barn; “both of them I believe had hold of the child when found”; the two little girls, “had crept into the bed and covered themselves with the coverlid and were there murdered and found. Where the black girl was found, I do not recollect.”; the Negro, Tom, “it was always supposed made a heroic defense he was the only one that appeared to have resisted”; when he was found, they had “had skinned both his lower and upper lips, separating the skin up to his nose and down to his chin- this I suppose was not done until after he was dead”; when Abe arrived he did not get off his horse, which “was fractions, snorting and refused to go, and in urging him along, he rode over the two women without seeing them… when he got near enough to see his brother, hanging out the door, was murdered, he wheeled the horse and rode homewards, without seeing anybody but his brother”; that third night following the massacre, Alexander Campbell who is in Burgoyne’s Army, ascertained the identity of the Allen scalps, and came to check on the McArthur’s safety bringing them their first news of the murders; the McArthur’s then went to their grandfather Campbell’s who resided on the Dwelly place; the day before the murders, Allen was at McArthur’s “making some arrangement with father about shooting that, hearing the report of each other’s guns they might know it was squirrels or other game they were shooting”; it was here, that he said he wished the Indians were as thick as trees in the woods; the McArthur’s and their party left the Dwelly place two or three days after going there, on their way into Burgoyne’s camp; passing by the Allen house, “the cap of the murdered babe, made of calico, was found on a stump beside the house, all glued together with the dried blood”.
  • “Adam Kilmore and a group were at Fort Miller, New York, on the morning of the Allen massacre July 26, 1777 and spent the night here instead of returning home, unaware of the murders. Malcolm Morrison resided 2 miles south of here: after hearing of the Allen massacre, Alexander Campbell left Burgoyne’s camp and arrived here searching for someone who might go with him to check the house of Duncan McArthur.”

The Dwelly Farm

In the above sketch, you see a reference to the “Dwelly place”. The Dwelly place or sometimes referred to as Dwelly Hill, is another common reference in the Gazetteer which refers to the site of the Alphonso Dwelly farm in 1849. Don’t let it cause confusion! The orators were describing the location of a neighbor in 1849 so as to give a current point of reference.

The Dwelly farm was originally the home of Duncan Campbell AKA “old Duncan” or “White Dunk” who will be discussed in the next sketch.

While studying the Campbells who were part of the settlement of the Argyle patent and in many cases came to the American colony with Lachlin Campbell, I found the ”The Fitch Gazetteer: An Annotated Index to the Manuscript History of Washington County, New York Volume 1”, by Kenneth A. Perry, to be fascinating and invaluable.  You can by a copy at Amazon here.  I wish I could find a link to my Campbells in Jessamine Co, KY so I could justify buying. Such great history and some of it first hand!

The next several sketches will be working primarily from this book. I used this source because of the personal interviews conducted by Dr. Fitch of the direct descendants. The description from Amazon:

GazetteerOver three decades, from 1847 to 1878, Dr. Asa Fitch of New York State collected a series of articles towards a history and genealogy of Washington County and the surrounding region, intended to discern “the date of the first settlement of the towns and from whence the settlers came.” This manuscript, part of the collection of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, has previously been available only on microfilm, but its contents have now been indexed and compiled here into an annotated, alphabetical list by subject, using the chronological form of the original manuscript. In collecting his data, Dr. Fitch combined personal interviews with the oldest settlers of the region and their descendants with primary source material including family records, unrecorded deeds, wills, cemetery records, early court proceedings and newspapers, and unpublished manuscripts, most of these prior to 1850. His initial articles represent some of the earliest ethnographic documentation of events relating to the first settlement of this region by the Scots-Irish and settlers from Connecticut, Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Included in these personal interviews were eyewitness accounts from individuals who were the participants, or descendants of participants, in the border disputes with the Hampshire grant lands that became the state of Vermont, and the pivotal events of the Burgoyne Campaign during the Revolutionary War. The numerous genealogical entries and family records featured in this manuscript trace the growth of the original families who arrived in the 1760s and the New England settlers who arrived just prior to the Revolutionary War, attempting to locate their places of origin, and carrying their descent into the 3rd, 4th and sometimes 5th generations.

Back when Google Books was a little more free with their page previews, I captured much information on the Argyle Campbells from this book – not all of it – but a good amount.  Reading this book entirely would probably clarify and certainly add to the information presented here but I will write what I’ve been able to piece together based on this work.  I do however, make 2 requests:

  1. Please back up any information with your own research because I could be wrong, I probably made some transcription errors and, it’s just a good idea…
  2. If you ever find this book in a second hand store, do yourself a favor and snatch it up!! Then, if you see an error in my work, correct me!