East New Jersey

My interest in Robert Campbell of Butler’s Rangers is that my Jessamine Co, KY Campbell’s are a (kind of) close DNA match to this Robert Campbell at 65/67 markers.  Since we are at a 15yo brick wall with the Jessamine Campbell’s, my thought was to work on someone who was closely related hoping to find a clue. Unfortunately, after studying many, many Campbell’s of ENJ, most documented in this blog, I haven’t found any clues to either this Robert or my own Jessamine Campbell’s.

Robert Campbell of the Butler Rangers matches 66/67 to 2 other Campbell families.

The families of George Campbell and David Jefferson Campbell match 67/67 to each other. As stated before, my Jessamine Co, KY family matches Robert Campbell of Butler’s Rangers 65/67 but we match the families of George Campbell and David Jefferson Campbell 64/67. I don’t know what to make of that!

I was able to contact the “owner” of the DNA. He was certain his ancestor was Robert Campbell of Butler’s Rangers but he had been given a genealogy of Robert that looks like this:

  • Archibald Campbell b. 1647 of Lanarkshire, Scotland, md. Mary _____ (1637- )
  • Duncan Campbell (s/o Archibald Campbell) b. 1706, Barony Parish, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland. md. Mary Sarah Campbell (?maiden name) 2+ children
  • Robert Campbell (s/o Duncan)  b. 1746 of Barony Parish, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland., d. 1831 St. Catherines, Grimsby, Ontario, Canada. Robert m: (1)Frances Eldridge, 1 child, Duncan, (1770-), and he m. (2) Mary Smith b. 1765 d. 1825. They had 11 children

While almost everything is incorrect about the above genealogy of Robert, I try to always give some credit for a “grain” of truth. There has to be a reason someone put these names together. Unfortunately, I haven’t found anything on an Archibald or Duncan that fit these dates but I haven’t dedicated many hours to solving that puzzle. It could be that this was a completely different Robert than the Butlers Rangers Robert and someone inadvertently attached Mary Smith.  I don’t know.

The biggest lead I had on this Butler’s Rangers Robert was Robert Campbell of Fresh Ponds in Monmouth County NJ but I am certain that family went to Sunbury, New Brunswick, Canada. That Robert (I believe Robert JR) was active there Sunsbury as late as 1795, long after we know Butler’s Rangers Robert was in Grantham, St Catharine’s, ON, Canada. By today’s standards that’s 900+ miles away.

All of the information I know of Robert Campbell is from an article written by Catherine Webb dated July 18th 1996. You can find a copy of the original article posted here, and I will transcribe it at the bottom of this sketch.  Ms. Webb included several sources in her work which I will not be including in my transcription so I encourage you to look at those in the original document. The article was based on a letter written by George William Campbell in 1929. George was the great grandson of Robert Campbell who was a sergeant in Butler’s Rangers during the Revolution and eventually settled land across the river from Fort Niagara.

My idea of studying all the early Campbell’s of ENJ came from a clue in the above article that Robert’s family came to America after the Monmouth uprisings following in the Duke of Argyle’s execution. While this could be true, it may be that Robert’s family had moved away from ENJ in the 90 year time frame since coming to the American Colony – or I just didn’t find them.  If I take up this search again, I will probably center it around the Mohawk Valley, where Col John Butler was known to have lived. Perhaps it was in Upper New York that Robert became acquainted with Col Butler. There is an informative article written here that seems to be a good place to start. In fact, it identifies the probable location of Frederick Smith, Father of Mary Smith who m. Robert Campbell of Butler’s Rangers.

With that, I will include a transcription of the article by Catherine Webb. I transcribed it and put it here so that it could be picked up by search engines more easily.  I’ll do my best to be accurate but please double check everything against the original document.  I used voice recognition software to transcribe, then went back to fix any errors but there may be (most certainly are) some remaining – especially spelling of names.  You can find the original document at this web site:

I also include a link to the The United Empire Loyalists’ Association of Canada which provides the children and spouses of Robert Campbell and Mary Smith Campbell.

Robert Campbell Article by Catherine Webb

A Short Biographical Sketch of Robert Campbel, Sergeant-Major Butler’s Rangers

By Catherine Webb, July 18th 1996

In 1784 when Robert Campbell subscribed his name to settle the land across the river from Fort Niagara, he had already experienced seven hard years of fighting for the crown in the American Revolution. Although he must have known that further hardships would ensue, Campbell was one of the many who recognize the great potential of the largely unsettled territory.

Robert was born in America in the year 1756, although his exact birthplace is unknown. In 1929, his great-grandson George William Campbell wrote a family history stating that Robert Campbell’s ancestors had come to America in the late 1600s following the Duke of Argyle’s execution during the reign of King James II of England. Although an uncertain connection, historical records do show that Lord Neil Campbell, brother of the Duke of Argyle, took refuge in Perth Amboy, East Jersey in 1686, and was accompanied by many members of his kindred in clan. Two of Lord Neil Campbell sons and their families had already emigrated to America as early as 1684. The two sons Archibald and John held lots in the settlement of Perth Amboy, and an area which was called Campbell Gully. Lord Campbell served as Deputy – Governor of E. Jersey for two years commencing in 1686, although he returned to Scotland in 1687 (having appointed Andrew Hamilton as a substitute). (MY NOTE: Their is no evidence John Campbell was a son to Lord Neil Campbell and in fact he probably was not. However he was an original Proprietor of ENJ. John Campbell arrived in ENJ about a year prior to Lord Neil Campbell and his son Archibald who traveled together after the uprising.)

George William Campbell also wrote that Robert Campbell was a law student at the time of the Revolutionary war broke out. In 1776, at the age of 20 he “joined the Royal Standard in America” and enlisted with Butler’s Rangers in which he served as a sergeant major. In a “return of persons… In Lieut. Col. Butler’s company in the Corps of Rangers at Niagara, 30 November 1783”, Robert was listed as a 27-year-old Sgt. receiving single rations. Within the next two years, he had married Mary Smith, the daughter Frederick Smith (who served in Capt. William Caldwell’s company of Corps of Rangers), had subscribed their names “in order to settle and cultivate the Crownland opposite to Niagara” and had started what was to become a large family with the birth of their first son James. By 1786 he was listed along with his wife, son, and a daughter on a Loyalists Victualling list.

Initially Robert and his family settled on 200 acres of land along 12 mile Creek comprised of lot numbers 18 and 19 in the eighth concession of number 3 Township in the District of Nassau (later to become Grantham Township in the County of Lincoln). By September 17, 1787, he had cleared 12 acres of his land and sewn 6 acres of wheat and by 1791, he had taken possession of an adjacent 100 acres of land consisting of lot 18 in the 9th concession. This land is now situated in the city of St. Catherine’s along 12 mile Creek, S. Of Rykert St. And N. Of Lockhart Dr. In Campbell’s 1798 land-grant, 45 acres was set aside for clergy reserves in Flamborough Township. In 1806, Robert transferred 50 acres of lot 18 in the 18th concession to Jacob Dittrick.

Campbell eventually built and operated to gristmill on lot number 19 in the ninth concession along 12 mile Creek (His mill is one of the number shown on a circa 1815 map by Lieut. W.A. Nesfield). The north half of the slot was purchased from John Gould on March 11, 1806, so it is possible that the mill was built after that date. Francis Goring an agent of Robert Hamilton recorded that Campbell paid certain of his debts with flour.

Campbell’s participation in the military did not end with the disbanding of Butler’s Rangers. He was an Ensign in the Capt. Benjamin Pawlings company of the Nassau militia (1792) and later a captain in the second Regiment of Lincoln militia (commission June 4, 1811). He resigned from the latter on March 9, 1814. A number of his sons also participated in the militia. His eldest son James was living in Smithville when the war broke out and served as a private with Capt. William Applegarth’s flank Company, second Regiment York militia and was present at Queenston Heights (where he was wounded in action on October 13, 1812), Lundys’ Lane, and Stoney Creek. A James Campbell was also listed as an ensign in the fourth Regiment of Lincoln militia in 1814. Later he served in the 1837 rebellion as captain and in the 1840 was major of the seventh Regiment North York militia. Robert Campbell (the second son of Robert Campbell) served as a private in the war of 1812 with Capt. John McEwens flank Company, first Regiment Lincoln militia (with his brother Peter) and as a gunner with Capt. Powell’s corps which he served the guns from Queenston to the mouth of the Niagara. Peter Smith Campbell the third son of Robert Campbell also fought in the war of 1812 as a private in the second flank Company (Capt. John McEwens) of the first Regiment of the Lincoln militia. In 1838 he was made captain of the seventh Regiment of North York militia. In 1846 he was captain of the seventh Battalion of York militia. A John Campbell is listed as a private in the first flank company of the first Regiment of Lincoln militia, the first flank Company of the fifth Regiment of Lincoln militia, and as a gunner in Capt. Kerby’s corps of the second Regiment of Lincoln militia, which was active from July 1812 until March 1813, serving from Fort Erie to the emplacements at Chippewa and Queenston. Another son Francis served as a private in the war of 1812, with Capt. Isaac Swayze’s corps of Royal  Artillery Drivers. He was a commissioned captain of the seventh Regiment North York militia and 1838; major in 1840; and finally Lieut. Col. of the seventh Battalion Peel Militia in 1856. A story recounted by Emily McCollum a great granddaughter of the eldest son James Campbell states that following the Battle of Queenston Heights, Robert Campbell’s wife Mary was found wandering on the battlefield. She was “accosted by soldier and asked what she was doing there and she replied that she was looking for her husband and seven sons.”

Campbell was clearly involved in the civic life of the community. A number of official documents bear his name including an official welcome to the Lieut. Gov. Simcoe (dated February 24, 1792) congratulating him on his appointment to the government of upper Canada. His name is also listed on an assignment to the Anglican Chapel, St. Catherine’s dated February 17, 1796, and later on a petition to Brig. Gen. Vincent [dated May 8, 1813] following an American capture of the York the capital of upper Canada in April 1813 suggesting “resort to martial law to maintain order”. On April 20, 1818 he was listed as being on the committee to forward the views of a meeting held for the inhabitants of Grantham them at the house of Paul Shipman.

Circa 1819, at least some of Robert Campbell’s children move to Chinguacousy Township in Peel (although some of them had received U.E. Grants elsewhere – for instance Peter Smith Campbell received his land as a son of U.E. in Nasagaweya). They settled Campbell’s Cross (which is located east of Highway 10 and south of Caledon). Peter Smith Campbell may have returned to St. Catherine’s in the 1830s as he was listed as being a witness (along with Henry Middleberger) at the December 26, 1832 marriage of Amos B. Thomas and Jane Ann Osterhaut. Peter eventually moved to the Owen Sound area in 1840s, where his son George Adam Campbell had settled.

Robert indicated in his will that his gristmill was to be left to his wife Mary and then after her decease to his eldest son James (he married Margaret Schneider). The remainder of his real estate was to be divided equally amongst his other 10 children named Robert (who married Elizabeth Rowe), Peter Smith (who married Catherine Pickard, daughter of Benjamin and Mary Pickard), Alexander, (who married Rachel McCollum), John, who married Margaret Clendennan, Gustaves Francis, who married Katherine Deacon, Henry, who married Mary Van Wyck, Margaret who married Joel Smith at Thorold, Deborah, who married Daniel Reilley of Stamford, Mary who married Peter McCollum of Grisby, and Martha who married William McCoy of Nelson. Following Robert’s death in 1824 his eldest son James and the remaining children seem to have either given or sold their share of the estate, including the Mill property, to the second son Robert (a quit claim was registered on April 22, 1825). This suggests that while the other children had settled elsewhere, Robert remained in St. Catherine’s. Indeed, the 1820 Robert Sr had stated in his will that Robert Jr was to receive 75 pounds Halifax for three year service after he had come of age.

When Robert Campbell died on January 24, 1824 he left a legacy of patriotism and community service. Along with many other loyalists in their family, he played an important role in the initial settlement of the Niagara area and the growth of St. Catherine’s. His obituary in the February 7, 1824 edition of the Niagara Gleaner stated that:

  • Mr. Campbell was one of those loyal subjects who remained true to his king and country when the great body of people in the now United States took up arms against their lawful sovereign and was of course persecuted by those would be Republicans and was thereby obliged to leave all and flee to this frontier under the protection of the British government enjoying the course of this place designated by name of Butler’s Rangers. In that corps he discharged his duties faithfully as Sergeant–Major during the war. In 1784 he had his allowance of lands, part of which he took up on the 12 mile Creek in the Township of Grantham, on which he has resided ever since, and has brought up a large family in a very respectable manner, all of which are become well-settled in this country.

Roberts widow Mary moved to Campbell’s Cross where following her death she was buried in Snyder Cemetery (located north of Campbell’s cross). In May of 1831 Robert Jr sold the properties to Henry Mittleberger, thus ending the original Campbell family ownership of the land.

The rest of the article documents Ms. Webb’s notes and sources – See original for details.

Children of Robert and Mary Smith Campbell

There is an application for The United Empire Loyalists’ Association of Canada which lists the children of Robert Campbell.

Robert Campbell of Butler’s Rangers was b. abt 1756 and died 1824 Grantham Twp., Niagara District. He m. Mary Smith, dau of Frederick Smith. Mary was b. abt 1765 and d. 1825. Children of Robert and Mary Smith Campbell are:

  1.  James married Margaret Snyder
  2. Margaret married Joel Smith
  3. Deborah married Daniel Reilly
  4. Mary married Peter McCollum
  5. Robert married Elizabeth Rowe
  6. Peter Smith married Susan Van Wick
  7. Martha Eliza married Wm. McCoy
  8. Alexander married Rachel McCollum
  9. John married Margaret Clendennin
  10. Henry married Margaret Van Wyck
  11. Gustavus Francis married Katherine Deacon

One Last Thing

On a totally unrelated note (but as a reminder to myself): there was a Robert Campbell who had m. a Francis in Monmouth County, NJ. In Historical and Genealogical Miscellany : Volume 1: data relating to the settlement and settlers of New York and New Jersey , [compiled by] John E. Stillwell. Published 1903, you can find some of the early records of Christ Church, Shrewsbury, Monmouth Co, NJ. You can link to a PDF version here.  There are 2 records for Robert that I can not account for:

  • Baptism: 9 Feb 1746, William s/o Robert & Frances Campbell age 5 years
  • Burial: 24 Sept 1747 Robert Campbell

Again I point out that this record probably has nothing to do with the above genealogy of Robert Campbell who m. a Francis Eldridge!!! I’m just putting it here as a reminder to myself.


Map of area covered in ENJ and NYI have published several sketches covering East New Jersey (Monmouth, Middlesex, and Somerset Co’s) and New York. I thought it might be helpful to see the locations of the primary towns and the distance between them by today’s roads. I have found it helps me to understand who may or may not have been traveling back and forth between NY and NJ.

A) Beekman, Dutchess Co, NY:  Archibald and Duncan Campbell, Loyalists of Duchess Co, NY

B) Albany, Albany Co, NY:  Archibald Campbell Surveyor for Lauchlin Campbell and Argyle Patent. Archibald was raised on the Raritan River in ENJ

C) Argyle, Washington Co, NY:  Many Campbells from posts using Category: Argyle Patent

D) Hackensack, Bergen Co, NJ

E) Piscataway Township, Middlesex Co, NJ:  Many posts using Category:  East New Jersey

F) Monmouth Battle Ground, Monmouth Co, NJ. Many posts using Category of East New Jersey but primarily:


A) Beekman, Dutchess Co, NY

  • Albany, NY: 90 miles
  • Argyle, NY: 131 miles
  • Hackensack, NJ: 74 miles
  • Piscataway, NJ: 115 miles
  • Monmouth Battleground: 116 miles

B) Albany, Albany Co, NY

  • Beekman, NY: 90 miles
  • Argyle, NY: 47 miles
  • Hackensack, NJ: 134 miles
  • Piscataway, NJ: 176 miles
  • Monmouth Battleground: 182 miles

C) Argyle, Washington Co, NY

  • Beekman, NY: 132 miles
  • Albany, NY: 47 miles
  • Hackensack, NJ: 180 miles
  • Piscataway, NJ: 221 miles
  • Monmouth Battleground: 227 miles

D) Hackensack, Bergen Co, NJ

  • Beekman, NY: 74 miles
  • Albany, NY: 134 miles
  • Argyle, NJ: 180 miles
  • Piscataway, NJ: 44 miles
  • Monmouth Battleground: 50 miles

E) Piscataway Township, Middlesex Co, NJ

  • Beekman, NY: 115 miles
  • Albany, NY: 176 miles
  • Argyle, NJ: 221 miles
  • Hackensack, NJ: 44 miles
  • Monmouth Battleground: 21 miles

F) Monmouth Battle Ground, Monmouth Co, NJ

  • Beekman, NY: 116 miles
  • Albany, NY: 182 miles
  • Argyle, NJ: 227 miles
  • Hackensack, NJ: 50 miles
  • Piscataway, NJ: 21 miles

When I started researching the Campbell’s of East New Jersey, I was hoping to find a Robert Campbell who was a loyalist during the Revolutionary War. I will write much more about him in a future sketch but he was said to be b. abt 1756.

Family history states that Robert was a law student prior to the War and his family had come to “America in the late 1600’s following the Duke of Argyle’s execution, during the reign of King James II of England”.  He joined Butler’s Ranger’s as early as 1776 but for sure by 1783 when he was listed as taking rations as a single person.

By 1786 he lived in Canada and married to Mary Smith, dau of Francis Smith and had a son and a daughter. In 1787, he was living in what would later become Grantham Township in the County of Lincoln (Canada).

Needless to say, I haven’t found the above Robert. However, there is an Robert Campbell who was a loyalist in Monmouth County, NJ. I can’t place my Robert with this Robert but if anyone has even a thought about any info presented here please, please, please let me know!!!


There are several Robert Campbells of ENJ. I know of 3 that were imported as servants in 1684 and 1685. One was for John Campbell, Proprietor, one for Lord Neil Campbell (LNC) and the other was for a David Vilant, also a Proprietor.  David Vilant may have come to ENJ as late as 1687 when he claimed headrights for his children and 7 servants (not named). However, in 1688, David Mudy (Mundie/Mundy), also a Proprietor, gave a mortgage to Vilant using Vilant’s servants cattle as security. In that transaction a Robert and a James Campbell were listed.

  • Chattel Mortgage.  David MUDY senior of Amboy Perth to David VILANT of the same place, on the servants cattle, viz: Patrick WARDROPER, George SCOTT, Duncan ROBERTSONE, Catharina HERRIES, Robert and James CAMPBLE.

As a side note, in 1695, Mudie, David, of Perth Amboy, inventory metioned “the boy” Robert Campbell and gave him £10 in his will for his “time”.  I can’t be sure if Mudie’s “boy” Robert is the same as Vilant’s servant originally listed with James but it’s worth mentioning (will is transcribed below).

I haven’t accounted for the 3 Robert’s and doubtful that we can ever know for sure. One, I have covered a sketch: 9 – Robert Campbell, Servant Essex Co That Robert lived in or around Newark and may have been one of the servants. He (probably) had sons John, Samuel, Nathaniel, James and possibly Robert Jr.

That leaves 2 remaining….

The next Robert Campbell lived in Sussex, Co and left a will dtd 1776. This Robert is probably not one of the original imported Roberts due to his age. While not impossible, he would have been 90 – 100+ at the time of his death assuming he came as a small child in 1685-1687.  That Robert is presumed to have sons, Robert, Daniel and Obadiah who probably moved to Northumberland Co, PA. I detailed him in a sketch 26- Children of John Campbell of Piscataway. There are several theories about this Robert and I don’t know who is right but I’m fairly comfortable he was not in Monmouth Co which distinguishes him from others.

Robert Campbell of Fresh Ponds, Middlesex, NJ

There was an adult Robert Campbell in Monmouth Co circa 1723. He was associated with the family I sketched here: 31 – John Campbell of Manalapan (Monmouth Co). I included some info at the bottom of this sketch so as not to muddle up names here.

In 1753, we find Duncan, the son a John Campbell, living in an area in Middlesex, NJ called Fresh Ponds. Duncan was of Monmouth Co in 1731, however I believe he moved to nearby Middlesex Co about 1739. Duncan is also discussed at the bottom of the linked sketch above. In “Documents Relating to the Colonial, Revolutionary and Post-Revolutionary History of the State of New Jersey” by New Jersey Historical Society, p. 266, we find a reference to Fresh Ponds:

  • TO be Sold by James Parker two Lots of Land the Title indisputable situate at the Fresh Ponds in the County of Middlesex and Province of New Jersey several Miles from New Brunswick and five Miles from South River Landing; one bounded on Duncan Campbell and William Cheesman’s containing 280 Acres, the other bounded by said Campbell and John Ireland’s containing 210 Acres; both well water’d and timber’d. Whoever inclines to purchase either of said Lots may apply to Andrew Johnston Esq at Perth Amboy, or said Parker at New York. – The NY Gazette or the Weekly Post Boy, June 4, 1753

Not sure if it matters but I also found a will that mentions living in Monmouth Co but keep a salt meadow in Fresh Ponds, Middlex Co – So people kept property in both places.

  • Will of Job Cook, 1778 Mar  12 of Shrewsbury, Monmouth County, yeoman. Mentions Son, Jesse, land where I live, and my salt meadow at Fresh Pond, and all that formerly belonged to Christofer Gifford

In 1769 and again in 1771, there were advertisements placed in a New York Newspaper by a Robert Campbell trying to sell several pieces of property in Monmouth Co including a Tavern. In addition, he was selling:

  • “a Plantation belonging to the Subscriber, at Fresh-Pounds (Ponds), in the Corporation of New-Brunswick, containing about 100 Acres of good Wheat Land, lying on the Stage Road that leads from Philadelphia to Amboy, 90 of which are cleared, and on which there is a great Quantity of Fruit Trees, such as Mulberries, Apples, Peaches and Cherries, being situated within three Miles of two Forges and four of a Landing.”

Full transcriptions of the articles are given below

Then in 1777 “Documents Relating to the Revolutionary History of the State of New Jersey – Vol 1” Edited by William S Stryker A.M. LL. D. Adjunct-General of New Jersey p. 474 we find:

  • On Thursday Evening the 9th of October was buried in Trinity Church Yard in this City, Mrs Jane Campbell, Widow of Mr. Robert Campbell of Fresh Ponds in New Jersey. Daughter of Mr Andrew Gillaspie of Enniskillen in Ireland, and Sister to Mr John Gillaspie of Charlestown, South Carolina, she was 70 years of Age. New York Gazette and Weekly Mercury, October 13, 1777  (MY NOTE: Another paper gives her age as 74)

So from all of the above we have circumstantial evidence of a Robert Campbell living near the John Campbell Family of Manalapan Brook, then again living near to the son of a John Campbell (Duncan) in Fresh Ponds.  I have no clue as to the relationship of these 2 families nor can I say that the Robert who witnessed a 1723 will was the same Robert who was selling land as late as 1771.

From Jane Campbell’s obituary, we know her husband d. before 1777.  Jane was b. about 1703 or 1707.

Andrew C of Monmouth Grave

Grave of Andrew Campbell
Son of Robert and Jane Campbell
Find A Grave Memorial# 25702567

There is a grave of Andrew Campbell, Son of Robert and Jane Campbell, Aged 16y 2m & 20d. Andrew was b. Sept 1744 and d. 11 Nov 1766. He is buried at Saint Peters Church Cemetery, Spotswood, Middlesex County

I’m going to discuss who I believe to be Robert Campbell Jr of Fresh Ponds, Middlesex, NJ later in this sketch.

Early Records of Christ Church, Shrewsbury

There is a book Historical and Genealogical Miscellany : Volume 1: data relating to the settlement and settlers of New York and New Jersey , [compiled by] John E. Stillwell. Published 1903. In it you can find some of the early records of Christ Church, Shrewsbury. You can link to a PDF version here.  The following are records I found for a Robert Campbell, listed cronalogically.

  • Baptism: 9 Feb 1746, William s/o Robert & Frances Campbell age 5 years (no idea who Frances is – This may be yet another Robert? Perhaps father to the Robert Sr of Fresh Ponds?)
  • Burial: 24 Sept 1747 Robert Campbell – (Maybe the above Robert?)
  • Burial: 3 Nov 1750 Mrs Campbell (Not sure if related to a Robert but thought I would list here just in case)
  • Baptism: Unk Month 25, 1757 Mary, wife of Robert Campbell, an adult, Freehold
  • Baptism: Unk Month 25, 1757 Jane d/o Robert and Mary Campbell Freehold
  • Baptism: 27 Sept 1759, Matthias, s/o Robert Campbell Freehold (MY NOTE: Matthias died and is buried at Saint Peters Church Cemetery, Spotswood, Middlesex County), Birth: Dec., 1758, Death: Oct. 15, 1760, Son of Robert and Mary Campbell
  • Baptism: 11 July 1762 Isabella d/o Robert Campbell Freehold
  • Baptism: July 22 1764, Andrew s/o Robert Campbell of Freehold
  • Baptism 27 Apr 1766, Mary d/o Robert Campbell
Matthias C of Monmouth Grave

Grave of Mathias Campbell
Find A Grave, Memorial # 25699465

From the above records, I’m not sure about the first four, but I think that the Robert who m. Mary was the son of Robert and Jane from Fresh Ponds. Admittedly my evidence is circumstantial but Robert Sr and Jane had a son Andrew who died at age 16. Later, Robert Jr and Mary named a son Andrew. In addition, Robert Jr had a son Matthias who died and is buried in the same cemetery.  So if I’m right the (incomplete) genealogy would look like:

Robert Campbell Sr. m. Jane Gillespie (dau of Andrew Gillespie, sister of John Gillespie of SC). Robert d. between 1771 and 1777 (although he could have d. much sooner and perhaps in 1747). Jane Gillespie Campbell was b. either 1703 or 1707 and d. 1777 in NY

  • Son: Robert Campbell Jr of Fresh Ponds
  • Son: Andrew Campbell b. Sept 1744 and d. 11 Nov 1766.

Robert Campbell Jr of Fresh Ponds, probably b. btw 1730-1744, married Mary. Mary was baptized as an adult in Christ’s Church Shrewsbury in 1757. Children of Robert Campbell Jr and Mary are:

  • Jane b. abt 1757
  • Mattias b. Dec., 1758, d. Oct. 15, 1760 Burial: Saint Peters Church Cemetery, Spotswood, Middlesex County, NJ
  • Isabella, baptized 11 July 1762
  • Andrew, baptized July 22 1764
  • Mary, baptized 27 Apr 1766

As a side note, John Campbell Jr, subject of 30 – John Campbell Jr of Freehold also attended the Church of Shrewsbury and the baptismal records of his children with Rachel Walker are also detailed in those records. John’s children’s records by his second marriage to Henrietta Covenhoven are found at Tennents Church.

Robert Campbell Jr of Fresh Ponds

Robert Campbell Jr came to own the Tavern and several lots listed in the above referenced newspaper articles so obviously, they did not sell between 1769 – 1771.  This Robert Campbell was a fierce loyalist and spent much of the Rev War in service to the British. I have included several references below detail his activities.  In short:

  • Robert has wife and 3 children.  In 1775, he went to Boston as a refugee. In 1786, he returned to NJ having been absent since 1775
  • From 25 August 1783 until November 1787  he was at St. John’s, New Brunswick, Canada
  • November 1787  went to “Scotland and England to gather together his children and grandchildren who had been scattered by the war”


  • 100 acre Farm in city of New Brunswick occupied by father since 1729 and claimant since his death.
  • 137 1/2 a in Monmouth Town near Scotch Meeting House at head of Deep Run
  • Adjoining lot of land 39 1/2 acres with 5 houses
  • 177 acres in Freehold known as Campbell Town or Campbell’s Tavern.


  • In testimony, John Perrine said they had the property for at least 50 years and known him from his youth.  He also knew of Robert’s father owning a farm at Fresh Ponds, NJ.
  • Cornelius Pease, Thomas and John Smith also deposed for Robert and said they had been near neighbors.    William Franklin of London recommended Robert (perhaps the former Gov. of NJ and loyalist son of Benjamin Franklin ???).  And finally, William Perrin also testified.

There is another claim which I am pretty sure is this Robert.  You can see it below but it states that Robert was a surveyor and merchant, settled in St. John’s, New Brunswick (Canada) after the war.

I also want to mention briefly about yet another Capt Robert Campbell, Loyalist, who was from NY. He was captain of a schooner called the Morning Star. Our Robert Jr mentions in his loyalist claim that he Captain’d a ship (or two) but these Roberts are not the same people. The Capt of the Morning Star was killed, Robert Jr of Fresh Ponds survived the War.  There are several articles relating to the Morning Star on line. I detailed one below – but don’t get these Roberts confused.

Eventually Robert Campbell Jr’s land was confiscated by the American government to be sold at auction in 1780. From “Documents Relating to the Revolutionary History of the State of New Jersey Vol IV” by William Nelson, Pub 1914 – Google book – pg 519-520

  • To be sold at Public Vendue – On Saterday the 22d inst, At the Coffee House – THAT valuable TRACT of LAND in lower Freehold formerly Robert Campbell’s, adjoining said Campbell’s Tavern, containing one hundred and thirty-four acres, about fifteen acres of which, is good upland cleared, and ten acres excellent improved rich bottom’d meadow; situate about five miles from Monmouth Court House, and about four miles from Middle-Town Point, very convenient for a store as it lays on the Cross Roads, leading from Shrewsbury to Monmouth Court House; part of which is now under good fence, and the land well timbered ; its very convenient to a grist-mill, and near Mr. Tennant’s Meeting House; Any person inclining to purchase before the time of Sale may apply to JOHN L. JOHN SOX, in South Amboy, in the County of Middlesex, (New-Jersey) or to ANANIAS COOPE, in Philadelphia.


That’s about all I know of the above Robert. I would really like to know the names of the surviving children and grandchildren that had been “scattered by the war”. I feel he is probably not the father of the Robert for whom I am looking, but he could be a relative.

As to whether this family was related to the other Campbell’s in Monmouth Co at the time of the Rev War? I can’t be sure and other than proximity, I have no reason to believe they were.  No other family had children named Robert that I can tell. The original Robert of Monmouth Co may have been an imported servant but again…. Who knows?!?

My other thought is that while I have treated this as a 2 generation family in this sketch, I am going forward with the thought we may have 3 generations here: Robert who m. Francis in the church records > Robert who m. Jane and had land at Fresh Ponds > Robert Campbell Jr who m. Mary and was a loyalist.

I’ll of course update if I discover any new information. Again, if anyone has any thoughts, I would love to hear them!

UPDATE: I have found a bit more information. While I can’t name all the children of Robert Campbell and Mary his wife, I can say there was a Robert Campbell JR which pretty much eliminates this family as potentially being the family of Robert Campbell who lived in Grantham Township in the County of Lincoln (Canada).

From “The New Brunswick Magazine, Vol 2”, William Kilby Reynolds, 1899:

  • In 1788, Captain Robert Campbell published a map of the St John river from the Bay of Fundy to Fredericton including the tributaries which he claimed was the first ever published. A copy of this rare map is preserved in the archive of the New Brunswick Historical Society. It is entitled A Map of the Great River St John & Waters the first ever published from the Bay of Findy up to St Anns or Fredericks Town being little Known by White People until 1781. Settled by the American Loyalists then part of Nova Scotia now called New Brunswick from an Actual Survey made in the Years 1784 85 86 and 87 by Robert Campbell, Surveyor Capt of the 40th Company of St John’s Loyalists. The map is printed from an engraved plate and beautifully done but the names are not as correct as in Lieutenant Campbell’s map. It was publisher in London July 10, 1788. Captain Robert Campbell and his son Robert Campbell Jr were grantees of St John in 1783 and drew lots 708 and 709 on the south side of Orange street.

It also appears that Robert and his son Robert Jr were applying for several lots of land in Sunbury Co. I am unsure if they were ever granted the land or lived there. At we find the following Campbell records, most surely belonging to this family:

  • Campbell, Dugald: (see DePeyster, Abraham )  Abraham DePeyster, Thos. Golden and Dugald Campbell, at Underhill’s Tavern, for inquest for Townships of Maugerville, Burton and Sunbury.           (MY NOTE: Unsure of relationship)
  • Campbell, Mary (Widow): (see McCalpine, Walter; 1786):  1787 Walter McCalpine, John Wheeler, John Davis, Timothy Parke, Peter McAlpine, Samuel Theall, Tertullus Theall, Isaac Parker, Widow Mary Morse, Widow Mary Campbell and Gilbert Flowler ask for leave to choose land on Swan Creek.
  • Campbell, Mary (see Campbell, Robert; 1785)
  • 1794 Robert Campbell, asks for lot No.12 and asks for 200 acres for each of his children.
  • 1796 Robert Campbell, states order from the Lords of the Treasury in England, was issued in 1794, giving him 700 acres and he asks for it on Oromocto River.
  • 1785 Robert Campbell, Capt. of the 40th Comp. of Loyalist, asks for land on the Oromocto River.
  • 1785 Robert Campbell asks for lots on the Oromocto River for the following, widow Sarah Gillaspie, Mary Campbell, William Carre, Elizabeth Mather and Robert Campbell, Jr.
  • 1785 Robert Campbell, Capt. in 40th Company of St. John Militia, asks for land on the Oromocto.
  • 1794 Robert Campbell, late of New Jersey, asks for 700 acres, being lots Nos. 4, 5, 6, Welches’ Survey, north side Oromocto.
  • 1794 Robert Campbell – remonstrance respecting application of land on the Oromocto River.
  • Campbell, Robert Jr.  (see Campbell, Robert; 1785)

The above land records actually raise some questions as to whom the actual Capt. of the 40th Comp. of Loyalist is.  I think it is Robert Campbell JR. I also think that JR was the surveyor mentioned in the Loyalist claim below.  His father is the Robert who had the longer claim and went to Scotland and England to gather together his children and grandchildren who had been scattered by the war.

Also, the 1786 reference to the widow Mary Campbell is a bit confusing as it she could be the the Wife of SR. The problem is that SR was alive as late as 1788 when he wrote a letter petitioning the Crown for reimbursement of the loss of his property in Monmouth County NJ. It is either another Mary who married into this family or I have JR and SR’s loyalist claims confused.

I’ll let the reader decide that one! But tell me if you disagree!!

Supporting Documentation and References

Robert Campbell in Monmouth Co Circa 1723

In Sketch 31 – John Campbell of Manalapan (Monmouth Co) I discussed a John Campbell who could have been one of the ENJ imported servants. That John was a neighbor to William Davidson.

  • John was a friend to William Davidson. Davidson was an imported servant.
  • 1690: John received land from John Reid. Because of the date, I am assuming this was his headlands but it is not stated.  William Davidson purchased (?) land next to John Campbell.
  • 1695: John sold land to William Davidson
  • 1723: William Davidson’s will was witnessed by William Davidson (son?), Thomas Laten, Robert Campbell, Janet Layton. George Davidson was named as William’s son.

It was 30 years after the 1695 sale so it’s hard to prove a relationship based on this but I mention it here for reference.

Newspapers Articles for Robert Campbell of Fresh Ponds (Pre-Rev War)

The New York Gazette or Weekly Post Boy, No. 1374, May 1, 1769:

To be sold, on Wednesday the 10th of May inst. at the House of Robert Campbell, at Freehold, in the County of Monmouth, the following Lots and Parcels of Land in said Township, viz. The noted Tavern, known by the Name of Campbell’s Tavern, perhaps one of the best stands in the County, a good Dwelling House with five Rooms and four Fire Places, a good Kitchen and Garden pailed in, as also a good bearing Orchard of 120 Apple Trees; besides Peach and Cherry Trees, of the best Sort, with about 100 Acres of Land.  Also another Tract of Land adjoining on the South Side of the Road, where said Tavern stands, with about 100 Acres of Land, 30 of which are good Meadow, chiefly of the best Sort; there is also a good Dwelling House, Barn, and a young bearing Orchard of 150 Trees; also sundry Lots of Land and Meadow lying adjacent, will be sold at the same Time. The Vendue to continue two Days, if all is not sold the first. Also to be sold at private Sale, a Plantation belonging to the Subscriber, at Fresh-Pounds (Ponds), in the Corporation of New-Brunswick, containing about 100 Acres of good Wheat Land, lying on the Stage Road that leads from Philadelphia to Amboy, 90 of which are cleared, and on which there is a great Quantity of Fruit Trees, such as Mulberries, Apples, Peaches and Cherries, being situated within three Miles of two Forges and four of a Landing. An indisputable Title will be given. Good Bonds, on Interest will be taken, if it does not suit the Purchaser to pay Cash. The Vendue to begin at Ten of the Clock. – Robert Campbell
Documents Relating to the Colonial, Revolutionary and Post-Revolutionary History of the State of New Jerseyby New Jersey Historical Society, Pg. 459-460

The New York Gazette; and The Weekly Mercury, No 1019, May 6, 1771

Monmouth County, May 6 1771, To be sold by the SUBSCRIBER, SUNDRY Lots of Land in said County viz .The noted Tavern in Freehold known by the Name of Campbell’s Tavern perhaps one of the best Stands in said County with 100 acres of Land has a com modious (?) House with four Fire places and a good stable; also a good Orchard of 150 Apple Trees of the best Sort; besides other Fruit Trees a long rail’d Garden with a Prospect of five publick Roads, is situate within six Miles of Middle town Point, and eleven of Amboy. Also another Plantation adjoining the above only separated by a large Market Road with about 120 Acres of Land, 30 of which is good Meadow Ground chiefly fit for the Scythe; with a good House and Barn and Orchard of 150 Apple-Trees now in the Possession of the Subscriber; it is deemed a fine Stand for a Country Store being (as well as the Tavern) several Miles distant from any other in that way. Also a House and Lot of 8 Acres adjoining two publick Roads adjacent very suitable for any Branch the Country requires. Also sundry Lots of Land and Meadow lying near New Forrest about one Mile from the above Lots. Also a Farm of about 100 Acres of good Wheat Land with a good Orchard and other Improvements the Buildings, large but somewhat out of Repair, situate near the Stage Road at Fresh Pond, seven short Miles from Brunswick and four from South River Landing; for the other good Properties that attend its situation the Purchaser can satisfy himself on seeing the Place. The Tavern may be entered on immediately. An indisputable Title with easy payments will be given by ROBERT CAMPBELL

Loyalist Activities of Robert Campbell Jr of Fresh Ponds

From a book called: “American Loyalist Claims Vol 1”, by National Geanological Society, pg 79-80 (My Note: I only have a photocopy of the page so no more information on the book – I believe this to be Robert Campbell SR s/o Robert and Jane Campbell of Fresh Ponds)

Campbell, Robert, Freehold, Monmouth County, New Jersey, October 1775, went to Boston as refugee; 28 March 1776 was taken prisoner by two rebel boats from Cape Cod from Sloop Sally, 90 tons, of which he was commander and half owner, put into custody of Capt. Joseph Smith and removed in July 2 Cotton Gaol. Until 18 December 1776, kept close confined supporting self on credit from a merchant, Joseph Green. Allowed bail to be at large in Massachusetts, set out for Addington and was secretly conveyed by loyalists at night to Eleven Town, Plymouth County. With a number of the other Loyalist, joined army at Rhode Island 27 February 1777, went to New York in HMS Sphinx, was commissioned as captain and went back to Rhode Island in the service two enlist men. From 25 August 1783, employed in distributing land grants in New Brunswick to those who wish to go up the river, but to November 1783 lost use of arm when attacked by assassin with a Cooper’s knife; until the following spring, remembered little except pain. Employed by churchwardens of Parr Town (now city of Saint John), spent the best part of the summer in the woods to obtain timber for a church.

Memorials: 3 March 1786 St. John’s; 8 April 1788 London; 26 July 1788 London.


  • 100 acre farm in city of New Brunswick, New Jersey occupied by father since 1729 and by claimant since his death;
  • 137 1/2 acres in Monmouth Town near Scotch Meeting House at head of Deeprun;
  • Adjoining lot of land of 39 1/2 acres with five houses;
  • 177 acres in Freehold known as Campbell’s town or Campbell’s Tavern.

Evidences: copy of inquisition and proceedings.

  • Deposition for November 1786 St. John’s by John Parrine, late of New Jersey, that he is known claimant from his youth, and his property in New Jersey; he also knew the claimants father farm at Fresh Pond, New Jersey, owned by him as long as deponent can remember, at least 50 years.
  • Certificate 5 April 1770 1788 London by William Franklin, recommending claimant.
  • Deposition 25 July 1788 London by William Perrin that March 1787 claimant was brought aboard his ship (then lying at Old Ship in New York) with a broken arm and wounded; during passage to St. Johns he was unable to leave bed.
  • Deposition 21st of February 1787 Middlesex County, New Jersey by Cornelius Keyes, John Smith, and Thomas Smith that they are freeholders in for 30 years were near neighbors to claimant; they appraised value of his property in freehold.

Letter by claimant to commissioners 30 September 1788 Marylebone.

  • He was in St. John’s and till November 1787 when he embarked for England:
  • his wife and three children.
  • If he had the pen of Mr. G he might be heard from pole to pole but Mr. G and the other agents, having got themselves served, have left him another’s to remain unnoticed.
  • He is informed by principal Council of a lot that the act was meant only for those in Britain and Ireland and does not extend to (those) in America, that the commissioners would be sent to America. The latest act provided that no claim should be received after 1 May 1786.
  • On arrival of commissioners in Halifax, he went immediately to New Jersey to arrange affairs, having been absent from that state since 1775. Before leaving, was informed he would be summoned by the commissioners, but when he had nearly finished his business in New Jersey, fell and broke his arm; return to St. John’s leaving behind many of his papers.
  • When he reported to the commissioner’s office that he was not ready for a full hearing, they were roughly treated and told he should not expect to get even a farling, would not be suffered to perjure herself, and might go about his business; was told his interviewers name was Hunter.
  • After that he went to Scotland and England to gather together his children and grandchildren who had been scattered by the war.

Source: “Collections of the New Jersey Historical Society, Volume 9”, By William Nelson, Published 1916, pg 41, Chapter: The Loyalists Of New Jersey In The Revolution. Found at google books. (My Note: Pretty sure this is Robert Campbell, Jr)

Robert Campbell – A merchant and surveyor, he lost his plantations, valued at £1,484 currency by confiscation he took an active part for the crown from the beginning of the Revolution and was obliged to quit his home in New Jersey (not stated where) and seek refuge on board of the “Asia” man – of – war. He raced a company in the guides and pioneers. At the Peace he settled at St. John’s, New Brunswick, as a surveyor and was captain in the provincial militia. Campbell received a military allowance of £40 from 1788 to 1816

Capt. Robert Campbell of the Morning Star:

Documents Relating to the Revolutionary History of the State of New Jersey Vol IV” by William Nelson, Pub 1914 – Google book, Pg 354-355

  • Jersey, Wood, in Mountholly, on Thursday the 8th day of June next, at ten oclock in the morning of the same day, then and there to try the truth of the facts alledged in the bills of William Treen (who as well, &c.) against the sloop Speedwell alias Dispatch, lately commanded by James Robeson—and of William Marriner, (who as well, &c.) against the brig Blacksnake, Cornelius French, late master, and the schooner Morning Star, Robert CAMPBELL, late master: To the end and intent that the owner or owners of said vessels, or any other person concerned in them, or either of them, may appear and shew cause, if any they have, why the said vessels should not be condemned, together with their respective cargoes, furniture, tackle and apparel, according to the prayer of said bills.

Same book as above, pg 351:

  • Captain Marriner left Amboy on Tuesday evening the 18th ult. in a whale-boat with nine men, and on Thursday morning about 4 o’clock he boarded the Blacksnake with 20 hands, which he carried without opposition, although he was within hail of the Volcano at Sandy-Hook. The Blacksnake was a privateer, and belonged to Rhode-Island, but had been taken by the Galatea. Capt. Marriner then weighed his anchor and stood to sea. After 5 the same morning he fell in with the schooner Morning Star, that mounted 4 swivels, 2 cohorns, and had 33 hands.—Notwithstanding his having the brig, with 20 hands on board in charge, he immediately boarded the schooner, and after an obstinate action, carried her. The enemy had 3 men killed and 5 wounded. The prizes are safely arrived at Egg-Harbour, and 52 prisoners taken in them, are conducted to Philadelphia. The schooner was commanded by Robert CAMPBELL, of New-York, who fell amongst the killed,—the men taken in her were mostly deserters from men of war, secretly conveyed from New-York, to go on board a privateer commanded by Capt. Hall, who was hourly expected from that city.” We hear that a large number of counterfeit continental dollars was found on board one of the above prizes. At a Special Court held in the county of Sussex, the week before last, John Harp was found guilty of manslaughter, and burnt in the hand. James Mac Quigg, James Slack and Matthew Brown, were all found guilty of a misdemeanor, in attempting to pilot sundy deserters from the Convention troops1 to New-York.—M’Quigg was sentenced to 12 months imprisonment; Slack to pay a fine of £1000 pounds and nine months imprisonment; and Brown nine months imprisonment.

There is probably more information in that book about this Robert Campbell

Will of David Mudie (mentions “Boy” Robert Campbell)

1695 6 Feb 18 Mudie, David, of Perth Amboy, will of. Children, James, Isobell, Christian, Elizabeth and John; to have the real and personal property in Europe. Margarett, Anna, Jannet, wife of Thomas Gordon, Katherine and Mary, the American property; daughter Jean Stracken mentioned as already provided for. Executor, Thomas Gordon. Witnesses James Armour, Samuel Loveridge, and Jno Chaplin. Proved, March 12, 1695-6. NJ Archives XXL, p 237 and Middlesex Wills. 1695-6 March, Inventory of the personal estate (£60.3.3 incl a Bible and books £1.9 and the boy’s, Robert Campbell, time £10.-.); Made by James Dundas and Geo Willoks

Some History about Fresh Ponds:

There is an interesting family of loyalist who lived in Dutchess Co, New York and either owned or rented property in the Beekman Patent.

Archibald and Duncan Campbell were brothers. There was also a brother John and maybe Thomas. Archibald and Duncan came to the American Colony to fight in the French and Indian Wars and stayed, retired on half pay, until the Revolutionary War, when they were called up for service. I can’t really do their story justice here but will provide some links at the bottom.

Archibald Campbell

Archibald Campbell probably did not marry as he specified that he was a bachelor in his will. He did have 3 children with a woman named Jane Muro/Monroe – 2 sons and a daughter – the daughter being b. after Archibald’s death. He died in the Revolutionary War and has been made somewhat famous for the grisly tale that surrounds his death.

Mary Campbell dau of Archi BP

Stone of Mary Campbell, dau of Archibald
Find A Grave Memorial# 53714752
Campbell Burial Ground
Hurd Corners, Dutchess County, New York, USA

In March of 1777, Archibald Campbell marched his troops to the yard of Judge Ward in White Plains. As he approached, he was yelling oaths and ordering surrenders when suddenly a shot rang out from inside the home killing him. Archibald’s troops entered the home but on finding no one in the lower part of the home, they decided to retreat. As Archibald lay dying, he is said to have written his will in his own blood.

NOTE: While Archibald was killed, he most likely did not write his will in blood. In fact, he left a will in NY and it is from this we learn the names of his children. “Brookland Fort” on 17 Oct.  1776:

  • “Archibald Campbell of Fredericksburgh, Dutchess County, bachelor and Captain of the New York Company of Volunteer at Long Island, ‘my two boys left at my farm at Fredericksburgh’ are given the farm, stock and mill with £100.  ‘Mr.  Monson, Daniel Chase and Mathew Patterson are to settle for Archd.  and Duncan, brother Tom, Arch is to have Sarah for Duncan.’

No executors or witnesses.  The will was proved at London, England by testimony of Duncan Campbell, of Well Street, Parish of Saint Mary le Bone, carpenter, and Archibald McDuff, of Silver Street, Parish of St.  James, Westminster, cabinet maker.  Letters testimentary were granted to Duncan Campbell, of Aldergate St., London, victualler, and John Campbell, of High Holborn, upholster, brothers of testator.  The will was probated in New York Feb.  1791.  [NYWF 87].

It is said that Archibald’s sons were sent to England so they could receive a proper education but eventually returned to America. On 22 April 1789 a petition to the Chancery Court of Archibald and Duncan Campbell of Paulings Town, Dutchess Co., infants (under the age of 21 and above 14), whose father was dec’d, prayed that John McKay of Greenwich, CT may be appointed their guardian.  A bond dated 24 April 1789 was signed by John McKay, Esq.  and James Grant of Pawling, farmer, as surety.

Archibald Campbell Jr BP

Archibald Campbell, Jr
Find A Grave Memorial# 53710854
Campbell Burial Ground
Hurd Corners, Dutchess County, New York, USA

At Find-A-Grave, there is more history about Archibald Campbell, Jr.

  • “Archibald was a leading local citizen; he was elected a Vestryman for Fredericksburgh (now Patterson) Christ Episcopal Church in 1797, represented the church along with his wife’s cousin Uriah Mitchell at a convocation in New York City, was town Postmaster, and served as executor for many estates in and around Pawling. Archibald Campbell built a home at Hurd’s Corners (also known as Campbellville) northeast of Pawling, which stands today (2007) with the Campbell burying ground directly behind it.”

You can see all those buried in the burying ground here:

The Pawling House Bed & Breakfast, originally built as a residence for one of Pawling’s distinguished families in the 1860s and fully renovated as a B & B in 2007, gives us a historical sketch which can be seen here: . According to this site Duncan, s/o Archibald Sr: “… was trained as a surgeon, died while serving in the West Indies with the English army.” Also, according to the above site, Mary, dau of Archibald and Jane, who was b. after the death of Archibald, never married but lived with her brother Archibald, Jr. At Find A Grave, Mary is listed as b. 18 Apr 1777 and d. 2 Jan 1843.

Duncan Campbell, Brother of Archibald Campbell, Sr.

Duncan Campbell, like his brother Archibald, was a loyalist during the Revolution. There are several pieces of correspondence and Newspaper articles discussing his activities.

Duncan was captured by the Americans after his ship carrying loyalist recruitments sank off of the Jersey Shore (on their way to New York).  He was carrying weapons, ammunition and perhaps counterfeit currency at the time.  As a result of his capture, he spent much of the war in prison.

He was released on strict probation when his wife became ill.  She eventually died leaving him with small children. I only know the name of one, John, from a letter cited below.  Even after Duncan’s probation, it seems he could not avoid trouble with the Americans and was questioned on smuggling weapons while going to visit his sick wife.  If one searched New Jersey Newspapers during the Revolution, you will surely find several articles written about Duncan.

Duncan returned to London after the Revolution (probably after the death of his wife). From London, he acted as the executor to his Brother Archibald’s estate in Duchess Co, NY.  His brother John was a co-executor to the estate was also in London.

As I said, there are many articles involving Duncan but I will site a few here that were of interest to me:

Duncan detail his activities for the British in order to receive a pension: Bibliotheca Americana Or A Descriptive Account Of My Collection Of Rare Books Relating To America by Henry Stevens GMB FSA  p. 112 (Google books)

  • CAMPBELL (Duncan) Manuscript Memorial of Capt Duncan Campbell of the 84th Regiment desiring to he put on full pay. Signed and presented by the Duke of Argyle. 2 pages. Folio (5s 439) The Memorialist was Ensign in the 42nd Regiment in 1756 and served in America till the peace of 1763, was at the battle of Ticonderoga and at the capture of Martinique and Guadalupe, and was twice severely wounded. In the War of Independence, he raised a company of Loyalists at Boston and on his way to New York to join the army was shipwrecked and made prisoner by the Americans and suffered accordingly.

Duncan Campbell states he is well know in the Jersey’s. From:

DUNCAN CAMPBELL TO GENERAL WASHINGTON., Fredericksburgh, Dutchess County, May 23, 1776.

SIR: Having leave from General Schuyler last March to come down and settle some property I had at this place, he directed me to the County Committee for further leave; but not finding my affairs as I expected, I waited on the Committee and applied to them for a pass to go to the Jerseys or Pennsylvania, where most of the gentlemen that were taken prisoners in Canada were already sent. Their answer was, that they could not take it on themselves to send me anywhere but back again to Albany, without General Schuyler’ s directions.

I have written General Schuyler twice, acquainting him of their ordering me back again, and begging that he would be pleased to let me know where I was to go; but received no answer, though I wrote a month ago. As this is ray situation, I will take it as a particular favour to have your Excellency’ s directions, and an order for carriages for myself and baggage, as none will otherwise be provided for me.

I would be glad to have the indulgence of going to the Jerseys, as I am well known in that place; likewise, as I have a large family of a wife and six children, which could be sent the most of the way by water-carriage.

I am, sir, your Excellency’ s most obedient and most humble servant,


Ensign and Q. M. to Twenty-Sixth Regiment, and prisoner of war. To His Excellency General Washington, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental forces.

Family of Duncan: “Collections of the New York Historical Society for the Year 1882”– Letter Book of Captain Alexander McDonald, of the Royal Highland Emigrants. Link:

p. 363, Capt.  McDonald letter to Duncan Campbell from Halifax dated 25 Aug.  1777:

  • “Dear Duncan.  I have no time to write any particulars for wch Reason I leave the Major’s letter open for your perusal wch please seal & forward with Expedition to Annapolis.  Enquire of D.Hr Deschamps who is the proper person there to send it to. The woman who takes care of your Children is not very well (and) I have Ordered the Doctor to Attend her.  She complains of little Johnny been very unruly & wants me to Correct him.  I’ll threaten hard but will not touch him on any Consideration(.) Mrs.  McDonald is Still walking about & joins me in Kind love to Mrs.  Campbell & you & believe me to be Dear Duncan, Yours Sincerely,”

In another letter to General McLean dtd Halifax, 21 Aprile 1778, pg 409-410, Captain McDonald writes:

  • “… Poor Cap. Duncan Campbell’s wife died a few days agoe & has left him a Most distressed helpless Widower with five Children allmost all infants. We are greatly At a loss What plan to Advise him to – we think he Should goe home with them by the first Safe Conveyance & leave them in Some Town in Scotland in good hands to receive their Schooling, & their Condition to be looked into once or twice a Year by his Brother or Some Other prudent friend. I hope that As he was drove from home, Suffered Shipwreck & loss for the Service & had Also his wife turned Adrift, by which She lost her health, Government will allow Something for them, As well As Other Refugees that May help their Education. Your Assistance for this End will be Usefull & No doubt he would write You by this Occasion but that he lives at Windsor – “


Archibald and Duncan had dealings in New Jersey but did not come to the American Colony until the 1700’s which was beyond the scope of my study of early East New Jersey (ENJ) Campbells. I do however have interest in a Robert Campbell who was a loyalist with Butler’s Rangers so naturally I needed to eliminate Archibald and Duncan.  I have several copies of old newspaper articles re: Duncan. I may transcribe them and put them here but it’s not a priority right now. If you would like a copy, let me know in the comments and I can send it to you.

As of yet, I’ve not determined if either Archibald or (more likely) Duncan, owned any land in ENJ and believe they probably did not.

Other Sources and General Reading

There is a lot written about William Campbell so I will just point to references for the most part. Needless to say, I don’t connect to William but many do and there seems to be some good information about William and the Demarest family available on-line.

William Campbell m. Elizabeth Demarest of Schraalenburgh in July 1736. He was born July 20, 1718 in Ulster, Ireland, and died October 09, 1793 in Schraalenburg, Bergenfield, NJ. Elizabeth was the daughter of David Demarest and Matic DeBaun. The will of William Campbell is transcribed in the NJ Colonial Records:

For more information:

Hackensack, NJ is in Bergen County and while it has always been called Hackensack, officially its name was New Barbadoes Township until 1921. Anyone searching in this area should search both names although in my experience, Hackensack is more common.

I have eliminated this family as relatives of the Campbells for whom I am searching but I write about them so that I can avoid any confusion (of my own) later on.

Speaking of confusion, there are 2 other Campbell Taverns in NJ, all about the same time. Besides the one in Hackensack, there is another in Buena (southern NJ), also owed by an Archibald Campbell.  You can read more about that Campbell Tavern here.  Another Campbell Tavern was located in Fresh Ponds, NJ, near Cranbury, in Middlesex, Co NJ.  I will discuss that Tavern in a different sketch.

Archibald Campbell of Bergen Co, NJ, d. 28 Dec 1798 at the age of 68 (b. 1730). He m. Catherine Weir in N. Ireland and was said to come to this country prior to his wife and son Robert, who followed him later. His other 4 children were b. in America. He owned and operated a Tavern visited by Gen George Washington during the Rev War. His will can be found in the New Jersey Colonial Documents Calendar of Wills: 1801 – 1805

  • 1799, Jan. 3. Campbell, Archibald, of Bergen County; will of. Wife, Catherine, real and personal estate, during her widowhood. After her deceased or remarriage; real estate to be divided into 5 parts. Sons, Robert, John and George and daughter, Hannah Campbell each 1/5 part. Son, Archibald, 1/5 part in trust with son, Robert, for said sons support during his life. Residue of personal to be divided between my children. Executors – wife, Catherine, and sons, Robert, John and George. Witnesses – John Van Bueren, Alexander James, and Ann Campbell. Proved February 10, 1801.

Of the 5 children of Archibald, only George and Dr. John had children although I could be wrong as I haven’t studied this family outside of what I have found on the Internet. The bulk of information comes from a lawsuit brought by George G. Campbell, nephew to Robert Campbell. If you are interested in this family, then I would highly recommend reading:

Reports of Cases determined in the Court of Chancery and in the Prerogative Court and, on appeal, in The Court of Errors and Appeals in the State of New Jersey: VOL. IV” by George B Halsted, Reporter. This case starts on p. 356. You can link to it here. Much genealogical info can be gleaned from the lawsuit although I have only skimmed looking for names.

Children of Archibald Campbell, Sr

Robert Campbell was a successful lawyer in Hackensack and is easily researched. He was b. 1766 and d. 5 Jul 1846. Robert never married and did not have children. There is an inventory of his personal papers here:  Robert’s estate was the subject of the lengthy lawsuit mentioned above. His estate was being sued by his nephew George G Campbell (s/o his brother George).

Dr. John Campbell was a physician in Hackensack. He was b. 13 Feb 1770 and d. in 1814. His will is dtd 1814 Mar 13, New Barbadoes Twsp, Bergen Co, Doctor. It lists only Jane his wife. Jane died in 1853. She was age 79 in 1849 and she and Dr John are buried next to each other in Hackensack. Their children as discussed in the lawsuit (there may be more).

  • Robert I Campbell – d. 1 June 1846. Funeral: 3 June 1846
  • Ann Marie m. unk Cummings
  • Aldophus W Campbell

More info re: Adolphus W. Campbell from lawsuit (Son of Dr John):

  • Adolphus W. Campbell, nephew of Robert Sr.
  • Ellen Campbell, dau of Adolphus
  • Garret Myer, father in law of Adolphus
  • Jane Amos, dau of Adolphus

Hannah Campbell. She never married

  • Mrs. Jane Campbell (widow of Dr. John) testified in the lawsuit: “I was intimately acquainted with Robert Campbell before my marriage, was intimate in the family. I had charge of his sister Hannah in her deranged state for some years. She was a maiden lady she resided with Robert Campbell and kept house for him until she became deranged. He supported her in her deranged state.”
  • Hannah was mentioned in a release and quitclaim of John Campbell and Jane, his wife, (Dr. John) and Hannah Campbell to Robert Campbell for 9.19 acres in the Town of Hackensack, 16 December 1814.
  • She was referred to as Hannah Campbell in a Release of Resolve Campbell to Robert Campbell to rights to real estate of his late aunt, Hannah Campbell, in New Barbadoes & Lodi Twps., 26 February 1841 [in oversized box].  The source of these papers are Roberts papers:
  • Finally, there is a will made by a Hannah Campbell dtd 1807 Oct 26 of Bergen Twnshp and Co, with the inventory being sworn to by Rynier Earl and Daniel Earl. Sworn to by Abraham Allen Adm’r 28 Mar 1808. No other details are given. I very much doubt this Hannah is the dau of the above Archibald because of the above deed dtd 16 Dec 1814. In addition, it is very likely that Robert would have handled her estate – not Abraham Allen.

Archibald Campbell Jr: The only reference to Archibald Jr I have found, outside of Archibald Sr’s will, is the following will:

  • 1779, June 16. Van Emburgh, Gilbert, of new Barbadoes, Bergen Co.; will of. Wife, Catherin, a sufficient support out of my real estate. To Gilbert Van Emburgh, son of my brother, Simon £50 when he comes of age. To Archd Campbell Jr, son of Archd Campbell, inn keeper in Hackensack £40, when he is 21. To my friend, Archd Campbell, of new Barbadoes, innholder, rest of the estate. Executors – friends, Archibald Campbell and Guilliam Bertolf. Witnesses – Jacob Bouwer, Jr., James Cutter, Thomas Shepherd. Proved March 24, 1784

I don’t know the connection for the above will.

The fact that Sr left Jr’s part of the estate in trust with his brother Robert for his maintenance may indicate something was not right health-wise with Archibald Jr. No mention of a wife or children.

I should mention there is a grave for an Archibald Campbell in the First Dutch Reformed Churchyard where other family members are buried. He died 13 Nov 1830 at age 35y 4m 15d. This Archibald would have been b. in 1795 so I think it’s more likely that this Archibald is a son to either George (below) or Dr. John (above).

George Campbell. On page 412 of the lawsuit there is testimony of George Campbell, the brother of Robert Campbell, deceased, and father of George G Campbell, claimant.

Another source worth reading: “History of Bergen and Passaic counties, New Jersey” by William Nelson, published 1882, page 192 (google books) states George was b. 24 June 1772 and d. 11 March 1864. He married Margaret Kingsland, Children of George and Margaret Campbell from lawsuit (there may be more)

  • George G. Campbell (m. Sarah Jenkins) : Brought Lawsuit against Estate of Robert Campbell (his Uncle)
  • Robert Campbell, became a prominent attorney in Hackensack
  • Lousia m. Robert S. Gould. Raised by her Uncle Robert
  • Ann Eliza (age 22 in 1849)
  • Samuel

From:  NY Times, Saturday, Mar 12, 1864, On Friday, March 11, after a short illness, George Campbell, in the 92d year of his age. The friends and relatives are respectfully invited to attend the funeral, from the First Reformed Dutch Church in the Village of Hackensack, NJ, on Sunday, the 13th inst., at 3 P.M.

I have seen George being referred to as having been murdered in 1779 during the revolution. This is the George to whom they are referring:

  • The detachment of the enemy that landed in Bergen County on Monday . . . consisted of about 1,000 men, composed of several different corps, under the command of Col[onel] Van Buskirk. Their path in this incursion was marked with desolation and unprovoked cruel murders. Not a house with their reach belonging to a Whig inhabitant escaped. Mr. Abraham Allen and George Campbell fell a prey to these more than savage men. Two negro women, who were endeavoring to drive off some cattle belonging to their masters, were also murdered. Mr Joost Zabriskie was stabbed in thirteen different places. (Damages by British, njsl, Hackensack Precinct no. 10 on 3 nja [2] 391)

The George who was murdered was not the son of Archibald Campbell Sr. He was probably a relative to Hannah Campbell who left a will in 1807 because of the name Abraham Allen and Allen family mention in Hannah’s will. I don’t think that Hannah is the daughter of Archibald either. That said, it is very possible they are somehow related to this family.

Campbell’s Tavern

Archibald Campbell Sr owned a tavern in Hackensack, George Washington was said to have dined there several times in 1776. There is a story that on his last visit, Archibald asked him…. ‘ General, what shall I do, I have a family of small children and a little property here; shall I leave it?’ Washington kindly took his hand and replied, ‘Mr. Campbell, stay by your property and keep neutral,’

This appears to have worked for most of the war until:

“In the latter part of March, 1780, a party of about 400 British, Hessians, and refugees, passed through Hackensack on their way to attack some Pennsylvania troops …… One half of the enemy marched quietly through. When the rear, consisting mostly of Hessians, arrived, they broke open the doors and windows, robbed and plundered, and took prisoners a few peaceable inhabitants, among whom was Mr. Archibald Campbell. This gentleman, who had been for several weeks confined to his bed with the rheumatism, they forced into the street and compelled to follow them. Often in their rear, they threatened to shoot him if he did not hasten his pace. In the subsequent confusion he escaped and hid in the cellar of a house opposite the New Bridge. He lived until 1798, and never experienced a return of the rheumatism.

Other Sources:

NOTE: My interest in Archibald is identifying any siblings he may have had. If you have any clues, suspects, or  speculations, I would love to hear it them!

Archibald Campbell, surveyor in Albany, NY, was b. 1 June 1735 (via his gravestone) and d. 24 Apr 1793. He m. Christina Starrenberg abt /bef 1777 (assumed from the date of the birth of his son Archibald, Jr.). Per his will 19 Feb 1793, he had sons John, Jacob, “and four others”, plus daughters Margaret, wife of Thomas Brissbrown, Hannah, Sarah, Caty, and Elizabeth.

My Note: I haven’t found an on-line transcription of Archibald’s will. I took this information from here.

UPDATE: One of Archibald’s descendants provided a transcription of his will (in the comments section)… Thank you so much!!

I’m certain I don’t connect directly to Archibald; however, I may have a clue as to his parents.  I have written extensively on the following family but will summarize here and link below:

  • John Campbell d. prior to 1764 Dec 28, when: “Renunciation by Margaret Campbell, the widow, in favor of her son, Archibald Campbell. (Will of John Campbell)
  • 1764 Dec 31, in Somerset Co, estate papers name: Margritt, wife, Archibald, eldest son, Greear Brown fellow Bondsman, and an inventory valued at £78.13.6
  • In 1784, 20 years after the death of the above John Campbell, Archibald Campbell of Albany, NY advertised what was either his or his father’s farm, on the Bank of the Raritan River, as being for sale in the Political Intelligencer, New Brunswick. Interested parties are directed to Greear Brown or himself in Albany.

I have dedicated four sketches related to this John, his sister Jeanette who married Tobias Van Norden and a possible father Duncan:

From Electric Scotland, “Surveyor for Captain Lauchlin Campbell of the island of Isla was the surveyors, Archibald Campbell, of Raritan, New Jersey, and Christopher Yates, of Schenectady, who began their labors June 19, 1764…

Archibald Campbell lived in Albany, NY during his adult life and while many families of the time maintained homes in both NYC and NJ, Albany is 167 miles N. of Raritan, NJ so it’s doubtful he visited Raritan often if at all. There are a couple records with regards to his family at the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany.  Most significant is that it identifies his wife and a son Archibald.

      • 4/8/1778 baptism of Archibald  of Archibald Kemmel and Christina Starrenberg
      • 6/6/1784 baptism of Pieter, born 2/23/1784, of Pieter Vroman and Wyntje Redlif,
      • witnesses Archibald and Christina Camble

A short narrative about Archibald can be read here but I’ll summarize a facts which I have not collaborated but are very likely accurate.

      • By 1766, he was paying taxes on an Albany house.
      • In 1768, he married Christina Starenberg of the Schoharie Valley. The marriage produced In 1763, he is said to have been deeded a tract of family land in Albany County.
      • In 1772, he laid out a 1.15 million acre tract in the Adirondacks. He also made a number of maps of the city of Albany.
      • Represented Charlotte County in the Provincial Congress during Rev War. He also posted bail for some country people including his father-in-law
      • During the 1780s, his store “opposite Mr. Denniston’s tavern” was advertized in the Albany newspaper. He sold imported tea, sugar, and window glass.
      • He owned and leased a number of lots within the city limits.
      • In 1787, he served as an inspector in the first ward.
      • Member of the Albany Presbyterian church.
      • In 1785 he was the deputy State Surveyor.
      • In 1789, he patented 3,000 acres of bottomland (including two islands) in what became Tioga County.
      • He also owned lands in New Jersey and near Sacandaga.

It is from a transcription of his gravestone that we learn Archibald’s date of birth. Archibald d. 24 Apr 1793 the rest of the inscription reads, 57 y 10 m 23 d and mentions he was a surveyor. There are also 2 William Campbell’s buried in the Presbyterian Burial Ground; one could be an un-named son.

Other Sources:

    • “Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Albany, NY 1683-1809”  C.T. Gotham, 1981
    • Gravestone inscription: “The annals of Albany, Volume 3”,  By Joel Munsell, p. 231 Available at Google Books